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Circulatory Disorders

congestion, a condition which refers to excess blood in a body part hyperemia
excess blood in a body part which was actively taken there by the arterial system in the body active hyperemia
if active hyperemia results from a normal, everyday, healthy bodily function it is known as active physiological hyperemia
if the active hyperemia is the result of some disease process it is known as active pathological hyperemia
occurs when venous drainage from an area is decreased. this is always pathological and may be expressed as localized or general passive hyperemia
hyperemia often caused by: formation of a blood clot in a vein, thickening of vessel walls, or pressure from an outside lesion localized passive hyperemia
hyperemia which is normally the result of a heart disorder which affects the efficiency of the heart's pumping action-hypostatic congestion generalized passive hyperemia
generalized passive hyperemia occurring in the systemic system, resulting in diminished flow of blood through the pulmonary system-blue discoloration "blue babies" cyanosis
refers to the formation of a solid mass (blood clot) within the heart or vessels of the body thrombosis
the solid blood clot mass itself thrombus
refers to the condition of an object having floated through the bloodstream and causing an obstruction of a vessel embolism
refers to decreased blood flow to a body part, and thus decreased oxygen and nutrients ischemia
a result of ischemia, the area of tissue that was deprived of its blood supply dies infarction
a thrombus which is partially blocking the artery, leads to ischemia parietal thrombus
a thrombus which completely blocks the blood flow at the clot itself obstructive thrombus
the escape of blood from the vascular system system, sometimes due to a break in the walls of the vessel hemorrhage
another name for ischemic necrosis dry gangrene
pin-point hemorrhages petechiae
larger irregular patches of hemorrhage in the tissues ecchymosis
widespread areas of hemorrhage into the skin or mucous membranes purpura
tumor-like swelling filled with blood, common blood blister, for example hematoma
very dark, tarry feces or vomit melena
bleeding into the pleural cavity hemothorax
bleeding into the pericardial cavity hemapericardium
bleeding into the peritoneal cavity hemoperitoneum
blood in the sputum (or from the lungs) hemoptysis
blood in the vomit (or from the stomach) hematemesis
bleeding from the nose epistaxis
the process of blood changing from a liquid, free-flowing form into a semisolid state coagulation
a term used to describe the condition which results from a serious reduction of blood flow in the body, resulting in reduced oxygen supply to the tissues circulatory shock
a mild form of shock due to temporary decrease of blood flow to the brain, fainting syncope
shock originating in the nervous system neurogenic shock
shock originating in the cardiovascular system, the heart isn't pumping enouch cardiogenic shock
shock caused by major blood loss in a short amount of time hypovolemic shock
shock caused by bacterial infection of the red blood cells septic shock
refers to an excess accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the body, an extravascular condition edema
when edema retains the impression of a fingerprint impressed upon it, it is referred to as pitting edema
the name given to generalized/widespread edema anasarca
edema which collects around an inflammation site exudate
edema of the pleural cavity hydrothorax
edema of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart hydropericardium
edema of the peritoneal cavity (abdominal cavity) ascites
also known as desiccation, defined as a decrease in total body fluids dehydration
edema of the scrotum hydrocele
a potentially life threatening accumulation of fluid in the lungs, the fluid may inhibit the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide pulmonary edema
presence of blood in the urine hematuria
massive bleeding from anywhere in the body exsanguination
Created by: amyziolkowski