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Finals flashcards

Little of everything

QuestionAnswer
What is a type I latex allergy? contact dermititis; skin irritation
What is a type IV latex allergy? Can lead to anaphylactic shock
What is catabolism? complex to simpler substances
What is anabolism? using simple substances to build structures
Why is a blood culture collected? Patient is suspected of having a bacterial infection of the bloodstream. MUST be sterile!
Where is a skin puncture collected from a child under 1 year? heel or middle finger
Which blood collection tube does NOT bind the calcium? Green (heparin) tube
Do arteries or veins leave the heart? arteries; blood is oxygen rich
What is HIPAA? health insurance portability and accountability act
What does HIPAA do? original intentwas to protect health insurance coverage for workers/families if they changed or lost their jobs (COBRA)
How does HIPAA relate to phlebotomist? a phlebotomist can't talk about patients and should only access info needed for their job
What is PHI? protected health information
What is the Civil Monetary Penalties Law? cannot claim a service that was not provided
What is the False Claims Act? cannot present false claim to government or change a billing code to increase reinbursement
What is the Stark Law? No self referral to their own business
What is the Antikickback Law? prohibits knowingly and willingly offering anything of value in return for inducing or referring service to a lab
What is the Whistleblower Provision? sue on behalf of the government when false claims are submitted; "turn someone else in and get part of the claim"
What is type I diabetes? deficiency in insulin production (sudden onset in kids)
What is type 2 diabetes? Most common. Lack of insulin activity. Mostly in adults
What is prediabetes? Patients blood glucose is higher than normal.
What is the normal range for a blood glucose? 90mg/dl
A semen collection must be kept at what temperature? body temp (37 degrees c.)
How soon does a semen sample need to be transported? STAT: within 30 min of collection
When is gestational diabetes testing done? The level cannot be greater than what? testing at 24-28 weeks. Level not greater than 140
What can occar of the tourniquet is left on too long? What levels are affected? hemostasis can occur. potassium levels are affected
What are erythrocytes and what do they do? RBC (red blood cells). Transport oxygen. Needs iron to function
What are Leukocytes? WBC (white blood cells)fight disease
What are Thrombocytes? platelets. clotting
What is PPE? personal protective equipment. Masks, goggles, gown, gloves
What is NPO? nothing by mouth
What is the rule when drawing blood from a resistant patient? if you or the patient can be hurt, draw later
List 2 facts about obese patients veins are deeper; no butterfly in arm. Fat deposits mimic veins
Can a patient refuse a blood draw? yes
Which blood cells does excessive crying affect? WBC. Elevated up to 1 hour
How much whole blood is needed to yeild 1 ml of plasma? 2 ml
What is the fluid portion of blood called? plasma
Lavendar top tube is also know as ? what common test? Department? EDTA. CBC with or without diff. Goes to hematology
Light blue top tube also know as ? Common tests? Department? Ratio? sodium citrate. Protime or PTT. Coagulation dept. 1:9 ratio. No microcollection device
Gray tube top also know as ? common test? Dept? oxalate. tests glucose/ glycolytic inhibitor. Chemistry dept.
Blood consists of _____% formed elements and ____% fluid. 45% and 55%
What is interstitial fluid? fluid that has accumulated between cells and tissue
What is the total blood volume? 5 liters
Where is lymph fluid found? between the blood in the capillaries and the tissue
What causes a hemolyzed serum? needle too small, temp extremes, pulling too forcibly on plunger. (serum is red)
What causes a lipemic serum? patient condition: not fasting, too many lipids from medications. (serum is thick, creamy white)
What causes a icteric serum? patient condition: medications, jaundice. (serum is orange)
Who governs the PHI? medical records dept
Created by: 624234464