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Whole body terms

Chapter 4

abdominal cavity the cavity beneath the thoracic cavity. contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys
anaplasia a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentation and reversion to a more primitive form
anatomical position The standard reference position for the body as a whole; the person is standing with arms at the sides and palms turned forward; the individual's head and feet are also pointing forward
anterior pertainging to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body
aplasia a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
cardiac muscle the muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
caudal pertainging to the tail
cell the smallest and most numerous structural unit of living together
cell membrane the semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell
cervical vertebrae C1-C7
chromosomes the threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body
coccyx tailbone
connective tissue tissue that supports and binds other body tissue parts
cranial cavity cavity that contains the brain
cytology the study of cells
distal away from or farthest from the trunk of the body
dorsal pertaining to the back
dysplasia any abnormal development of tissues or organs
epigastric region the region of the adbomen located between the right and left hyopchondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen
epithelial tissue tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body
frontal plane vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet; dividing the body into front and back
genes segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
histologist a medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissue
hyperplasia an increase in the number of cells of a body part
hypogastric region the middle section of the lower abdomen beneath the umbilical region
hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue
inferior below or downward toward the tail or feet
inguinal region the right and left regions of the lower sections of the abdomen
lateral toward the side of the body away from the midline of the body
lumbar region the right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
McBurneys point a point on the right side of the abdomen about two-thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip
medial toward the midline of the body
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
midline of the body body is divided into equal right and left halves
mitochondria cell organs, provide the energy needed by the cell
muscle tissue tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers
navel umbilicus; the belly button
neoplasia new and abnormal
nervous tissue tissue thats transmits impulses throughout the body
nucleus central controlling body within a living cell
pelvic cavity lower front cavity of the body located beneath the abdominal cavity
peritoneum a specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body
plane imaginary slices or cuts made through the body
plantar pertaining tot he sole or bottom of the foot
posterior pertaining tot he back of the body
prone lying face down on the abdomen
proximal toward of nearest to the trunk of the body
sacrum singular triangle shaped bone
skeletal muscle muscle that is attached to the bone
smooth muscle muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs
superfical pertaining to the surface of the body
superior above or upward toward the head
supination a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
supine lying horizontally on the back, faceup
thoracic cavity chest cavity; contains the lungs, heart, aorta,esophagus and trachea
tissue group of cells
transverse plane dividing the body into superior and inferior portions
umbilical region the region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen
umbilicus navel; belly button
ventral front; belly side
visceral internal organs
visceral muscles smooth muscle
Created by: aamettis