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SC 7-2.3 & 5 Enlight

SC 7-2.3 & 5 The Enlightenment

reason the use of scientific and logical thinking, to draw conclusions about society
Enlightenment period of time when people placed their faith in reason and logical thinking to draw conclusions about society
natural law law that applied to everyone and could be understood through reason
tabula rosa a blank slate or mind
natural right rights belonging to all humans from birth
social contract an agreement between citizens and their ruler to protect the RIGHTS of the people
Declaration of Independence written primarily by Thomas Jefferson-statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 which announced that the 13 American colonies then at war with Great Britain were now independent states and no longer a part of the British Empire
philosopher philosopher-an educated person who uses reason to study life
separation of power division of power among the branches of government
checks and balances Allows the 3 branches of government to limit and control each other. It is the form of government set up by the United States Constitution to protect freedom by keeping any one person or group from gaining too much power
civic virtue individual duty as citizens
John Locke Englishman who stated every person was born with natural rights and the social contract insures governments' responsibility was to protect those rights, or people had the right to overthrow it and set up new government
Baron de Montesquieu Frenchman who recommended 3 branches of government to limit and control power
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Frenchman who believed a social contract is agreement of people to be ruled by general will (majority rules) / civic virtue (duty)
Thomas Jefferson American who wrote the Declaration of Independence
Created by: mhardy