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APHG Chpt 12 KTs

Chapter 12 Key Terms Rubenstein

Farmers living on large private farms far away from other families. Found mainly in developed countries dispersed rural settlement
The move from clustered settlements in Great Britain between 1750 and 1850 to dispersed rural settlements enclosure movement
Services that provide for the well-being and personal improvement of individual consumers. personal services
Services that primarily help people conduct business. producer services
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area. central place
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services. market area
The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered central business district
Services that diffuse and distribute services. transportation and information services
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community. nonbasic industries
The minimum number of people needed to support the service threshold
Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services andpersonal services. consumer services
Services that provide goods for sale to consumers. retail services
A theory that explains the distribution of services central place theory
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses. business services
Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement. Basic industries
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement. primate city
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that each settlement is half the size of the next largest. rank-size rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement. primate city rule
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service. Range
A settlement where a small number of families live close together. Most people in the world live in this kind of settlement. clustered rural settlement
A community's collection of basic industries. economic base
An activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it. Service
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses public services
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland city-state
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service. gravity model
A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants. Settlement
The kind of job where workers are paid by the government to provide for basic needs like education, health and safety. public services
Created by: Bramble
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