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SC 7-2.1 &4 LIMIT/UN

SC 7-2.1 &.4 Limited and Unlimited Governments

monarchy governments led by kings or queens
absolutism system that places absolute, or total, power in the hands of ONE ruler and his or her advisers
divine right the idea that rulers receive their power directly from God and are responsible only to God and not the people
absolute monarchy a monarchy with unlimited power
limited government a system in which power is restricted by the people
Magna Carta also known as the Great Charter, which established the idea of limited government and limited some of the king's powers/ the first time EVER people's rights were stated
Parliament In England, a meeting of people to make laws. Formed a stepping-stone in self-government which included representatives who a A A governing body (assembly) that spoke for the people. Over time, divided into two houses-House of Lords and House of Commons
Puritan people who wanted to purify the Protestant Church of England
Petition of Rights Bans the king from doing three important things. 1-passing taxes without consent of Parliament 2-quartering troops in private homes 3-imprisoning a person without charges
commonwealth state ruled by elected representatives
Restoration the return of monarchy in 1660 by Charles II
Glorious Revolution William of Orange, ruler of the Netherlands, enters England in a BLOODLESS REVOLUTION
English Bill of Rights of 1689 Signed by William III and Mary II. Limits the monarchy and states the rights of Parliament and the people.
constitutional monarchy monarchy ruled by an elected assembly and POWER is LIMITED BY LAW
unlimited government governments in which the monarchs have absolute and total control
Estates-General French assembly (like the English Parliament)
Edict of Nantes protected the rights of French Protestants
czar ( or tzar) Russian ruler: word for "Caesar"
Tudors and Stewarts ruling families of England
William and Mary rulers of England under the English Bill of Rights
Peter I (The Great) then Catherine II Absolute rulers of Russia
Louis XVI (16) King of France DURING THE REVOLUTION
revolution (When people get disillusioned) a sudden or drastic change
dictatorship One single person ruling
oligarchy A few leaders controlling the whole government, and the heads of military ruled by force
theocracy Built by religious leaders now in charge of government
representative democracy People rule through elected officials who uphold a constitution.
Created by: mhardy