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ADHI Ch8

Plurals & Possessives

QuestionAnswer
in order to change the singular forms of most nouns to form the plural you would add an s to the end
to change the singular forms of words ending in s, x, ch, sh, or z you would add es to form the plural
for nouns ending in y, where the y is preceded by a consonant, you would change y to i & add es to form the plural
for nouns ending in y, where the y is preceded by a vowel, you would just add an s
when noun ending in o is preceded by a vowel, you would form the plural by adding s
singular nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant can take variable plural forms; consult dictionary
singular nouns ending in f, ef, or ff, form their plurals by adding s or changing f or ef to ve & adding s
nouns whose plurals are formed in unusual ways irregular forms
ascites, herpes, & lues are examples of words that are always singular in usage
adnexa & genitalia are examples of words that are always plural in usage
when words are dictated incorrectly as nouns, when they should be adjectives, you should recast sentence by using modifying form with its noun
expressed as separate spaced words, single words, or hyphenated words compound nouns
pluralize the __ __ of compound noun as though it stands alone, for single-word compounds final element
for spaced/hyphenated compound nouns, pluralize the __ __ of the compound chief noun
if compound does not contain a(n) __, pluralize the final element noun
form the plurals of compounds ending in __ by adding s ful
pluralize surnames by adding s unless they end in s, x, ch, sh, or z, & you would add es to pluralize
pluralize proper names by adding s or es based on __ __, be careful to retain original spelling word ending
when dictated, pluralized personal titles are best listed separately
when multiple diagnoses are dictated, express __ in heading to reflect same, even if singular form of heading dictated pluralization
differential diagnosis is always singular and takes singular verb
plural of most abbreviations, except __ __ __, is adding s to singular form units of measure
plural of uppercase __ by adding s abbreviations
form plural of lowercase abbreviations by adding apostrophe plus s
add s to form plural of __ forms brief
__ numbers expressed as figures are pluralized by adding s double-digit
__ numbers are pluralized by adding apostrophe plus s single-digit
numbers expressed in __ pluralized by adding s or es words
single letters are pluralized by adding apostrophe plus s
when referring to common plural of genus use lowercase letters
for organisms that do not have common plural, add word __ or __ to genus name to indicate a plural use species; organisms
measles, mumps, mathematics, genetics are all examples of nouns that sound sound plural but are singular in their usage
do not italicize __ abbreviations, words & phrases used in medical reports foreign
for foreign abbreviations, words & phrases used in medical reports always capitalize, punctuate, and space according to standards of the language of origin
for foreign abbreviations, words & phrases used in medical reports omit __ __ except in proper names or where current usage retains them accent marks
accent marks may be __ in electronic environments, causing document formatting & conversion problems restricted
spell out English translation of __ __ when word stands alone Greek letters
do not capitalize __ __ of Greek letters English translation
when part of an extended term use the Greek letter or spell it out according to preferred form
in extended terms, use of hyphen after Greek letter is optional
hyphen is __ __ after English translation of Greek letter not used
to form plural of medical terms derived from Latin/Greek, for words ending in -en by changing -en to -ina
to form plural of medical terms derived from Latin/Greek, for words ending in -a by adding -e
to form plural of medical terms derived from Latin/Greek, for words ending in -us by changing -us to -i
to form plural of medical terms derived from Latin/Greek, for words ending in -on by changing -on to -a
to form plural of medical terms derived from Latin/Greek, for words ending in -is by changing -is to -es
to form plural of medical terms derived from Latin/Greek, for words ending in -um by changing -um to -a
to form plural of medical terms derived from Latin/Greek, for words ending in -ix or -ex by changing those endings to -ices
in plural forms of Latin terms adjective must agree in number, gender, & case with the noun it modifies
adjective that may modify either plural/singular noun, depending on meaning bilateral
express possession of singular nouns not ending in s by adding apostrophe plus s to noun
expression of possession for singular nouns that end in s determined by pronunciation
if new syllable formed in pronunciation of possessive noun add apostrophe plus s to noun
if new syllable not formed in pronunciation of possessive noun add apostrophe only
express possession for nouns that end in s or es by adding only apostrophe
express possession of irregular plural nouns, those that do not end in s or es, by adding 's
express possession of persona or organizational name that ends in abbreviation, number, or prepositional phrase by adding 's
when organizational name/title contains words that can be interpreted as either possessive/descriptive, use 's if term is singular possessive noun or irregular plural noun
when organizational name/title contains words that can be interpreted as either possessive/descriptive, do not use ' if term is descriptive plural that does not imply ownership/possession
express possession of __ __ nouns by adding 's singular compound
express possession of plural __ __ by first forming plural; add ' if plural form ends in s; add 's if plural form does not already end in s compound nouns
you should consider recasting sentence to avoid possessive plural forms that do not end in s
express possession of personal pronouns by selecting possessive form for each
express possession of indefinite pronouns by adding apostrophe and s, w/exception of those pronouns that do not have possessive forms
express possession of __ __ by adding apostrophe plus s singular abbreviations
express possession of plural abbreviations by adding s plus apostrophe
ADHI advocates dropping __ forms of eponyms possessive
when noun following eponym is omitted, possessive form is preferred
when 2/more individuals are used to show separate possession express each possession with each individual
using the word __, when 2/more individuals are used to show separate possession, stresses separate possession the
express joint possession by 2/more individuals by adding apostrophe plus s to final name alone
when noun that is modified is __ but not expressed, express possessive as though noun were included implied
do not express possession with inanimate objects, instead use __ __ to express relationship prepositional phrase
inanimate possessive phrases that have become expressive phrases in vernacular, retain possessive expression
possessive phrases that refer to time, measurement, or money should retain their possessive expressions
use possessive form of noun/pronoun modifying gerund
recast prepositional phrases beginning with of that contain possessive nouns/pronouns to avoid awkward phrasing
it is acceptable to retain possessive object of preposition of when it is someone's name
Created by: lfrancois