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CPC Study - Digestive System

Function of the digestive system: digestion, absorption, elimination
How may permanent teeth does the mouth contain? 32
What does the lingual frenulum do? anchors tongue to floor of mouth
4 parts of a tooth: crown, neck, root, pulp cavity
How much saliva do the salivary glands produce each day? 1.5 liters
Name the 3 salivary glands: parotid, submandibular, sublingual
This covers the larynx/esophagus when swallowing: epiglottis
Length of pharynx; of esophagus: 5 inches; 9-10 inches
Sphincter ring of muscles
3 parts of stomach: fundus, body, antrum/pylorus
Rugae folds of mucosal membrane that lines the stomach
Pyloric sphincter ring of muscles at bottom of stomach that opens to allow chyme (partially digested food) to tenter the small intestine
3 sections of the small intestine: duodenum (2"), jejunum(96"), ileum (132")
Bile and pancreatic juice are delivered here: duodenum
The appendix extends from the: cecum
This connects the ileum and colon: cecum
How long is the colon? 60"
The 4 divisions of the colon: ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid
These ducts deliver bile from liver to gallbladder: hepatic and cystic duct
This organ produces bile: liver
This organ stores and delivers bile to duodenum via common bile duct: gallbladder
What is the primary function of bile? to emulsify fat
Peritoneum serous membrane that lines abdominal cavity and maintains organs in correct anatomic position
The path of food through the digestive tract: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, anus
Anastomosis surgical connection of two tubular structures
Biliary refers to gallbladder, bile, bile duct
Cholangiography radiographic recording of bile ducts
Cholecystectomy surgical removal of gallbladder
Cholecystoenterostomy creation of a connection between gallbladder and intestine
A colonoscopy may also include part of the: terminal ileum
Colostomy artificial opening between colon and abdominal wall
Diverticulum protrusion in wall of an organ
Dysphagia difficulty swallowing
Enterolysis releasing of adhesions of intestine
Eventration protrusion of bowel through and opening in abdomen
Evisceration pulling viscera outside of the body through an incision
Exstrophy condition in which an organ is turned inside out
Fulguration use of electric current to destroy tissue
Gastroplasty operation on stomach to repair reconfiguration
Gastrostomy artificial opening between stomach and abdominal wall
Hernia organ or tissue protruding through wall or cavity that usually contains it
Ileostomy artificial opening between ileum and abdominal wall
Imbrication overlapping
Incarcerated Hernia constricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of an intestine
Intussusception slipping of one part of intestine into another part
Jejunostomy artificial opening between jejunum and abdominal wall
Laparoscopy exploration of the abdomen and pelvic cavities using a scope placed through a small incision in abdominal wall
Lithotripsy crushing of a stone using sound wave or force
Hiatal hernia protrusion of any structure through esophageal hiatus of diaphragm (AKA paraesophageal hernia)
Proctosigmoidoscopy fiberscopic examination of sigmoid colon and rectum
Sialolithotomy removal of stone of salivary gland or duct
Varices varicose veins
Volvulus twisted section of intestine
This ulceration of oral mucosa is caused by herpes simplex virus: canker sore
An aphthous ulcer or aphthous stomatitis is also known as: canker sore
Thrush oral candidiasis (infection caused by fungus)
Cold sores are caused by: herpes simplex virus 1
Another name for herpetic stomatitis: cold sore
Most common type of oral cancer: squamous cell carcinoma
This type of oral cancer is commonly seen in AIDS patients: Kaposi's sarcoma
The atrophy of smooth muscles of lower esophagus, causing LES to not close properly: scleroderma
LES lower esophageal sphincter
Hiatal hernia: esophagus passes through diaphragm at hiatus; part of stomach protrudes through opening in diaphragm into thorax
2 types of hiatal hernia: sliding, paraesophageal (rolling)
GERD reflux of gastric contents
Gastritis inflammation of stomach mucosa
2 Types of gastritis: Acute superficial, chronic atrophic
This type of chronic atrophic gastritis is atrophic or fundal: Type A
This type of chronic atrophic gastritis is antral: Type B
Peptic Ulcer erosive area on mucosa
Pyloric Stenosis narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
Celiac disease villi atrophy in response to food containing gluten and lose ability to absorb
This enzyme deficiency is secondary to gastrointestinal damage: lactase deficiency
This is the most common type of intestinal ulcer: duodenal ulcer
Meckel's Diverticulum an appendage of ileum near cecum derived from unobliterated yolk stalk in fetal development
3 types of intestinal obstruction: nonmechanical (trauma), mechanical (tumors, hernias), diverticulosis (twisted or telescoping bowel)
Diverticulosis herniation of intestinal mucosa
Diverticulitis inflammation of intestinal mucosa
Ulcerative Collitis inflammation of rectum that progresses to sigmoid colon
Jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) yellow eyes and skin - symptom of biliary disease,not disease
Prehepatic Hyperbilirubinemia excess destruction of red blood cells
Intrahepatic Hyperbilirubinemia impaired uptake of bilirubin and decreased blending of bilirubin by hepatic cells
Posthepatic Hyperbilirubinemia excess bile flows into the blood
This type of hepatitis is transmitted via the oral-fecal route and is known as infectious hepatitis: Hepatitis A
This type of hepatitis is contagious but asymptomatic and is known as serum hepatitis: Hepatitis B
This type of hepatitis is usually transmitted through transfusion and half the cases develop into chronic hepatitis: Hepatitis C
What does nonviral hepatitis result from? hepatotoxins
Cirrhosis profuse liver damage
3 types of cirrhosis: alcoholic liver, biliary, postnecrotic
Laennec's Portal is also known as: alcoholic liver
This type of cirrhosis is associated with Hepatitis A or C and exposure to toxins: postnecrotic cirrhosis
Cholecystitis inflammation of gallbladder and cystic duct
Cholangitis inflammation of bile duct
Cholelithiasis formation of gallstones
Gallstones occur most often in those with high levels of: cholesterol, calcium, bile salts
what does pancreatitis result from? digestive enzymes attacking pancreas
ARDS is a potential complication of this digestive disorder: pancreatitis
Created by: dropgallow
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