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AP Human Geo Ch. 10
AP Human Geography vocab chapter 10
|Commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
|The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crop and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain.
|A grass yielding grain for food.
|Husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing.
|A machine that reaps, threshes, and cleans grain while moving over a field.
|Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate product for sale off the farm.
|Grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during particular season.
|The practice of rating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
|Seed of a cereal grass.
|Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers.
|The growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
|The outer covering of a seed.
|Intensive subsistence agriculture
|A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
|The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied.
|Malay word for wet rice, commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah.
|A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals.
|Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing.
|A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crop for sale, usually to a more developed country.
|Prime agricultural land
|The most productive farmland.
|A form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area.
|A machine that cuts grain standing the field.
|System of planting crop on ridge tops in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conservation.
|A flooded field fro growing rice.
|reproduction of plants through annual introduction of seeds, which result from sexual fertilization.
|A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.
|Another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
|Wheat planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer.
|agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer’s family.
|Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soul-restoring crop with cash crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides.
|a patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning.
|to beat out grain from stalks by trampling it.
|the seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
|commercial gardening and fruit farming, so named because truck was a Middle English word meaning bartering or the exchange of commodities.
|reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants.
|Rice planted on dryland in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth.
|to remove chaff by allowing it be blown away by the wind.
|wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer.
|Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting.
|Harvesting twice a year from the same field.