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AP HUG VOCAB 10

Vocabulary for AP Human Geography Ch 10

QuestionAnswer
Agribusiness commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry
Hull the outer covering of a seed
Shifting Cultivation a form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to the other
Agriculture the deliberate effort to modify a portion of the Earth's surface through cultivation of crops and raising of livestock for gain or sustenance
Cereal Grain a grass yielding grain for food
Milkshed the area surrounding a city from which milk is produced
Pastoral Nomadism a form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals
Spring Wheat wheat planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer
Chaff husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing
Paddy Malay word for wet rice, commonly used to describe a sawah
Combine a machine the reaps, threshes, and cleans grain while moving over a field
Pasture grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing
Crop grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season
Plantation a large farm in tropical climates that specializes in production of one or two crops for sale to a more developed country
Swidden a patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning
Thresh to beat out grain from stalks by trampling it
Crop Rotation the practice of rotation of use of different fields each year to avoid exhausting the soil
Transhumance the seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures
Desertification degradation of land, especially in semiarid zones, primarily because of human actions
Ranching a form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area
Truck Farming commercial gardening or fruit farming so named because "truck" was a middle English word meaning bartering
Reaper a machine that cuts grain standing in the field
Double Cropping harvesting twice a year from the same field
Grain seed of a cereal grass
Ridge Tillage system of planting crops on ridge tops in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conversion
Wet Rice rice planted on dry land in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth
Green Revolution rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers
Sawah a flooded field for growing rice
Winnow to remove shaft by allowing it to be blown away by the wind
Horticulture the growing of fruits, vegetables and flowers
Seed Agriculture reproduction of plants through annual introduction of seeds which result from sexual fertilization
Winter Wheat wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer
Slash-and-burn Agriculture another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing vegetation and burning debris
Intensive subsistence agriculture a form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a lot of effort to produce maximum yield from a parcel of land
Commercial Agriculture agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm
Subsistence Agriculture agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer's family
Sustainable Agriculture farming methods that preserve long time productivity of the land and minimize pollution
Vegetative Planting reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants
Prime Agricultural land the most productive farmland
Created by: omarwsow