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Theology-Reformation

Sources of Revelation; justification; papacy primacy

QuestionAnswer
revelation God's gift of knowledge about who He is and what He wants of us; God chooses something to reveal to us (ex. here's what I want from you-boom-10 Commandments)
authority man-made control or power (ex. tradition)
who created the 1 source theory Luther
which source theory is "sola scriptura" 1 source theory (scripture alone)
1 source theory Bible alone is revelation; the fullness of revelation exists in the Bible-no further revelation takes place
1 source theory: tradition tradition is never revelation
Luther on teachings of the early Church teachings of early Church may be authoritative(if they are well established interpretations of the Bible) but not revelation
Catholic Church view on sources of revelation 2 source theory
2 source theory Scripture and Tradition are equally revelation (revelation continues in the world)
JH Newman's 3 rejections of sola scriptura 1. not everything could be written down; 2. somethings don't communicate well in written form (ex. a dance); 3. Church has always been an instrument of revelation
2 source theory: why can the Church have revelation? the Church was the earthly group that "created" the Bible
who created the Transubstantiation idea? Aquinas
which theology of the Eucharist is the Catholic teaching? transubstaniation (the bread is transformed)
Transubstantiation the bread and wine are replaced in essence by the body & blood of Christ but the bread & wine retain their accidents
accidents characteristics
3 reasons the Eucharist retains the accidents of bread & wine (transubstantiation) 1. it makes it easier for believers to eat; 2. it makes evangelization more possible; 3. it makes Eucharist a matter of faith, not a matter of fact
who describes bringing the fire in the house or the wood becomes fire? Aquinas (transubstantiation)
inventor of memorial sacrafice Zwingli
if Zwingli's wrong who does he say is right Aquinas
memorial sacrafice the words "this is my body" are a metaphore such as "I am the vine," or "I am the gate"
memorial sacrafice: bread and wine nothing happens to the bread & wine-it's just bread & wine; Eucharist is simply something we do to remember the sacrafice of Christ
who invented Consubstantiation/real presence Luther (but not the same thing)
who used the description of a red-hot iron Luther (theology of Eucharist)
consubstantiation the bread and wine are joined with the body & blood--the bread & wine continue to exist in essence and accidents
real presence Lutheran Church-Eucharist is Christ's body "in, with, and under" the form of bread; Jesus is present in the bread, with the bread, and under the bread
justification to enter into right relationship with God; the process of being made religious in God's eyes
forensic justification was created by Luther
forensic justification you are garbage, look at what you've done; God covers you in Christ & righteousness; external=covered in Christ, internal=still weak
which council did the Catholic Church use as a response to protestant views on justification? Council of Trent
sanctify to make holy
protestant view of justification faith alone (justification is an event-at the momemtn of faith (one single moment), one is forever justified)
Catholic view of justification faith and works (justification is a process and an event; it begins at baptism and continues throughout a person's life)
external justification protestant; one is seen as righteous in the eyes of God
internal justification Catholic; one is brought into right relationship with God
works are sanctification, a sign that one has been justified by the gift of faith (on going) protestant view (justification)
works are a necessary part of the process-sanctification and justification are the same process Catholic view (justification)
one can be assured of justification-with true faith comes the promise of salvation protestant view (justification)
one can never be assured of salvation-life is the continuous relationship between God and humanity Catholic view (justification)
justification is permanent and cannot be lost. It, like faith, is a gift from God protestant view (justification)
justification is never "lots" because the process cannot be completed while one is alive Catholic view (justification)
by grace, God declares one to be righteous protestant view (justification)
God's grace and human free will cooperate in the conversion to righteousness Catholic view (justification)
all justification is made possible by the atoning acts of Christ Catholic & protestant (justification)
all salvation comes by grace alone-no one earns heaven through works or faith Catholic & protestant (justification)
works are a necessary part of Christian living-whether they play a role in one's justification or not Catholic & protestant (justification)
faith is not simple belief in God-it's a gift from God that a person accepts; faith involves trust in God's promises as well as a desire to be united to Christ in words and deeds Catholic & protestant (justification)
four marks of the Church One Holy Catholic Apostolic
Created by: 530848841
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