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FLAVIN MED1010 ch 13


blephar/o eyelid
cephal/o head
cerebell/o little brain
cerebr/o, encephal/o brain
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
crani/o skull, cranium
dacry/o tear
gangli/o swelling, knot
ir/o iris
mast/o breast
mening/i, mening/o membrane
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerve
ocul, opt/o, ophthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
phren/o, psych/o mind
radic/o, radicul/o nerve root
retin/o retina
rhin/o nose
scler/o sclera; thick or hard
vag/o vagus
ventricul/o ventricle
Mastoiditis inflammation of the mastoid process and the associated tissues
Ménière’s disease a chronic disease of the inner ear that includes symptoms of dizziness and ringing in the ears
Myringitis inflammation of the eardrum; also called
tympanitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane
Otitis externa inflammation of the external auditory canal
Otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
Otopathy disease of the ear
Otosclerosis abnormal formation of bone between the stapes
and the oval window, causing a progressive loss of
Vertigo the sensation of whirling motion
AD Alzheimer’s disease
ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADD attention deficit disorder
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Ast astigmatism
CT (CAT) scan computed (axial) tomography scan
CP cerebral palsy
CVA cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
DTR deep tendon reflexes
EchoEG echoencephalography
EEG electroencephalogram
IOL intraocular lens
LASIK laser
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
OM otitis media
PD Parkinson disease
PET positron emission tomography
PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder
Anxiety disorder when fear dominates behavior
Attention deficit disorder a neurological disorder characterized by short attention span and poor concentration
Bipolar disease causes alternating periods of high energy and
mental confusion by memory loss, disorientation, and confusion
Dementia an impairment of mental function characterized
Dyslexia a reading handicap in which some letters and numbers are reversed in order by the brain
Mania an emotional disorder of abnormally high psychomotor activity
Neurosis an emotional disorder involving a counter productive way of dealing with mental stress
Paranoia disorder where a person experiences persistent delusions of persecution resulting in mistrust and combativeness
Phobia an irrational, obsessive fear
Posttraumatic stress disorder a severe mental strain or emotional trauma causes sleeplessness, anxiety, and paranoia
Psychopathy a general term for a mental or emotional disorder
Psychosis an individual suffering from a gross distortion or disorganization of their mental capacity, emotional response, and capacity to recognize reality and relate to others may be diagnosed with this disease
Psychosomatic refers to the influence of the mind over bodily functions,specially disease
Schizophrenia characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and extensive withdrawal from other people and the outside world.
Aphasia Inability to speak
Cephalagia headache
Dysphasia difficulty speaking
Syncope temporary loss of consciousness due to sudden reduction of blood flow to brain
Paresthesia abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling without objective cause
Polyneuralgia symptom of pain in many nerves
Hyperesthesia increased sensitivity to stimulation such as touch or pain
Hyperalgesia extreme lack of sensitivity to normally painful stimuli
Agnosia loss of ability to interpret sensory info
Autism developmental disorder that varies in severity with pt. S/S withdrawal & impaired development in social conduct & communication
Bell palsy condition of muscular paralysis
Cerebral aneurysm type of CVA where vessel dialates
ather/o fatty substance or plaque
aut/o self
cephal/o head
cerebell/o little brain
embol/o plug
gli/o glue
gnos/o knowledge
later/o side
myel/o spinal cord
narc/o numbness
neur/o nerve
scler/o thick, hard, sclera
poli/o gray
thromb/o clot
angi/o vessel
to bounce ech/o
brain encephal/o
sensation esthesi/o
tom/o to cut
vag/o vagus nerve
psych/o mind
-algesia pain
-ectomy surgical removal
-al, -ic pertaining to
-gram image or record
-ist specialist
-graphy process of recording
-logy study of
to cut -tomy
-rrhaphy suturing
-lysis loosen or dissolve
surgically repair -plasty
-iatry treatment or specialty
Rabies typically fatal infection of CNS via a virus from infected animal
Parkinsons chronic degenerative disease of the brain
Neurosis emotional disorder involving counter productive ways to deal with stress
Neuroma tumor originating from nervous tissue
Narcolepsy sleep disorder with sudden onset of sleep attacks
Epilepsy brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
Cerebral palsy muscle paralysis caused by brain lesions or birth defect
Created by: Iteach4Docs