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Unit5

Age of Imperialism

QuestionAnswer
region of a country in which an imperialist power holds exclusive trading rights sphere of influence
Result: China was divided into spheres of influence and signed a series of unequal treaties (including Treaty of Nanking) with European powers Opium Wars
Idea that a nation's power is based on its wealth mercantilism
pride in one's nation/desire for independence nationalism
one nation's control over another imperialism
idea that it was the duty of Europeans to civilize those under their control "White Man's Burden"
Applied the idea of "survival of the fittest" to the Industrial Revolution and Age of Imperialism Social Darwinism
the result of this event was the rapid modernization/ industrialization/ westernization of Japan Meiji Restoration
leader of the Indian independence movement (and example of nationalism) known for his beliefs in pacifism and civil disobedience Gandhi
leader of many independence movements in Latin America. Nicknamed the "liberator of South America" An example of nationalism. Simon Bolivar
Revolt against foreigners and foreign ideas in China is an example of nationalism Boxer Rebellion
Revolt by Indian soldiers against their British commanders. Is an example of nationalism Sepoy Mutiny/ Rebellion
Land surrounded on three sides by water. India is an example peninsula
Chain of islands. Japan is an example archipelago
imperialist who wanted to establish an British empire from "Capetown to Cairo" and made great wealth in diamond mines in Africa Cecil Rhodes
Britain made sure to secure this strategic waterway which was their "lifeline to India" Suez Canal
This American arrived in Japan to demand trading rights. It indirectly led to the Meiji Restoration and the modernization of Japan. Matthew Perry
Meeting at which European nations met to divide up the "magnificent African cake" Berlin Conference
Resulted in Britain taking greater control of southern Africa and establishing the Union of South Africa Boer War
Resulted in Japan becoming an imperialist power Russo-Japanese War
Nationalist organization in India that was designed to promote independence for India Indian National Congress
Helped Haiti win their independence by leading a slave revolt. An example of nationalism. Toussaint Louverture
Created by: mrfordglobal