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SD RV Flashcards

terms for studying the New Testament

Who is Jesus? NT flashcards:
1. bible definition the bible is the inspired word of God; it is a book of religious truth that shows God’s involvement in history
2. bible literally means “book” or “books”
3. concordance shows you where in the bible you can find a specific word has every major word of a bible translation in it
4. commentary explains what a bible passage means
5. bible dictionary explains a topic in detail e.g. snow
6. atlas has maps/ information about locations related to the bible
7. salvation history the story of what God does in human history to save us/ Jesus is our savior
8. desert experience refers to a place to face temptation (what keeps you from God), to renew self through prayer, to find God
9. Christian follower of Christ
10. Christians: three main groups Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant (COP)
11. Christology from above study of Christ, emphasizes His divinity
12. Christology from below study of Christ, emphasizes His humanity
13. theological definition of Jesus Jesus is one divine person, the second person of the Trinity, who has 2 natures: human and divine
14. Incarnation God becoming man; the event that sanctified all the physical world, demanding RESPECT for nature and our bodies
15. three stages of NT development HOW: historical, oral, written
16. Historical stage Jesus’ life 4B.C.(BCE) to 30 AD (CE).
17. Oral stage preaching about Jesus 30 AD (CE) to now
18. Written stage NT written: 51 to 110? AD (CE)
19. Parousia Greek, refers to the second coming of Christ in glory (returning to earth from heaven)
20. Are there other sources about Jesus? Yes, people other than the NT writers mention Jesus
21. Tacitus a 1st century Roman historian who mentions Jesus
22. Josephus a 1st century Jewish historian who mentions Jesus in his history of Palestine
23. canon official list of books in the Bible
24. gospel literally means “good news”
25. evangelists the Gospel writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John
26. Mark’s symbol lion because that gospel begins with John the Baptist preaching loudly so all could hear, like a lion’s roar
27. Matthew’s symbol man/angel because he begins gospel with a genealogy
28. Luke’s symbol ox because this gospel has infancy stories, and animals were thought to be near at Jesus’ birth
29. John’s symbol eagle because an eagle soars in the heavens and John’s gospel emphasizes the divinity of Jesus; the gospel lifts our thoughts to heaven
30. godspel Old English word for gospel which means good news
31. synoptic gospels gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke which have a similar order of events
32. Galilee Jesus spent most of his life in this area
33. Jerusalem the Jewish political and spiritual capital; the Temple was there
34. 70AD Romans destroyed the temple in this year
35. Capernaum city very near the Sea of Galilee; Jesus’ headquarters during his preaching
36. Nazareth city where Jesus grew up, his hometown in Galilee
37. Bethlehem city only 4 to 5 miles from Jerusalem; Jesus was born here
38. gentile a non-Jew, a person who isn’t Jewish by birth or religion
39. monotheism belief in one God
40. polytheism belief in many gods
41. scribe one who could write; interpreters of the Jewish Law - usually with Pharisees
42. Sadducees wealthy leaders who worked in the Temple; felt their power and wealth were threatened by Jesus’s message so had him arrested and tried
43. Pharisees believed in life after death and resurrection; studied and taught the law; often questioned Jesus about the law; would not associate with gentiles or sinners because the law forbade it; rabbis (teachers) who taught the law came from this group
44. Zealots might carry a concealed weapon to strike out against the Romans
45. Essenes lived removed from cities/ lived in the desert; most likely responsible for writing the Dead Scrolls at Qumran in the desert area near the Dead Sea ; John the Baptist came from the desert and may have been from this group
46. Christ Greek word for “anointed”
47. Messiah Hebrew word for “anointed”
48. Infancy stories are in Matthew and Luke
49. Sermon on the Mount is in Matthew 5-7
50. familiar Beatitudes are in Matthew 5
51. disciple literally means student; Jesus is the rabbi or teacher
52. blasphemy claiming to be God or god-like; insulting God or God’s name (Jesus was convicted of this)
53. Magnificat Mary’s words to Elizabeth, “My soul magnifies the Lord…” words gave hope to the poor and oppressed
54. Fiat Mary’s “YES” to God; “Let it be done.” She freely chose to say yes to being God’s mother
55. parable of the Good Samaritan is in Luke 10
56. Prodigal son parable is in Luke 15
57. martyr from Greek means “witness”
58. Followers of the Way early name for those who followed the way of Jesus
59. Logos Greek word meaning “word”
60. dualism using opposites to make a point, esp. in John’s gospel; e.g., light and darkness, life and death sometimes called “opposing images”
61. the number 7 represents perfection, completeness
62. 7 signs of Jesus are in John’s gospel (sign is John’s word for what some call a miracle)
63. epistle from Greek means “letter”
64. catholic from Greek means “universal”
65. hypostatic union refers to Jesus Christ: the union of two natures in one Person
Created by: dbrune
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