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Human Anatomy & Phys

essentials of A&P nith editon by Elaine Marieb

QuestionAnswer
What make up the structure of the body from smallest to more complex structures Cells, Tissue , Organ, Organ system
The Skin is which organ system Integumentary system
The system that supports the body Skeletal System (includs cartiliages joints bones)
What system allows the body to move Muscular system
What system is fast acting Nervous system (includs brain sensory receptors spinal cord nerves)
what system secrets hormons that regulate growth reproduction and metabolism endocrine ( pineal , pituitary thyroid thymus adrenal glands pancreas testies ovary)
what systme transports nutrients thru the blood cardiovascular (heart blood vessels)
what system picks up the leaked fluid from blood vessels also know as the immune system Lymphatic ( thoraic duct lymph nodes lymphatic vessels)
what system keeps constant oxygen in the blood respitory (nasal cavity pharynx larynx trachea bronchus left lung)
What system breaks down food into absorstion digestive system (oral cavity esphogus stomach small instesine large instine rectum anus)
what system elimanates nitogenous wastes from body and regulates water electrolytes and acid based balance of the blood urinary (kidney ureter urinary bladder urethra)
what system's only purpose is to produce offspring repoductive Male - seminal vesicles , prostate penis vas deferens testies scrotum, Female mammary gland in breast uterine tube ovary uterus vagina)
what systems are responsible for maintaining Homeostatic control nervous and endrocrine
what are the three factors of all homeostatic control mechanisms receptor- is a sensor that responds to enviroment control center- controls the level set point and determins correct response , effector - provides the means for the control centers output to stmulus
homeostatic control mechanisms are mostly ___ what kind of feddback negitive
the kind homeostatic control mechanisms that are rarely seen are positve during childbirth or blood clotting
The anatomical position is body is erect with feet parallel arms at sides with palms facing FOWARD
A section or plane cut lengthwise or longitudianl is what sagittal
diving the body to left and right planes is called median or midsagittal
a section cut legthwise that divides the body or organs into anterior(front) and posterior (back) parts is cornal
a cut that is horizontal dividing the body or organs into superior(up) and inferior(down) transverse or cross section
what are the subdivisions of the dorsal cavity(backside) cranial and spinal
What are the subdivisions for the ventral cavity (front) thoracic cavity (diaphragm seprates) abdominal cavity pelvic cavity and abdominalpelvic cavity
what are the 4 quadrants of the abdominalpelvic cavity RUQ RLQ (right upper and lower) LUQ LLQ ( Left upper and lower)
what 3 regions are on the upper RUQ and LUQ Right hypochondriC REGION EPIGGASTRIC REGION lEFT hypochondriC REGION
What are the regions in the middle of the abdominalpelvic cavity R lumbar region umbilical region Left lumbar region
What 3 regions are int eh lower part of the abdominalpelvic cavity Right illac region, hypogastric region Left illac region
what are the 4 forms of energy chemical energy ( kinetic energy) Electrical energy (nerve impuleses) mechanicalenergy ( energy directly involved in moving matter Radiant energy ( travles in waves like an x ray )
simple squamous epithelium has many layers single layer (like floor tiles)
simple cuboidal epithelium are one layer of CUBoidal cells (pancereas and salivary glands)
simple Columnar epithelium are single layer Tall cells also called goblet cells
Pseudostratisfied columnar epithelium are single layer cells that appear to have more then one nuceli
stratified epithelia is two most common several layers its found in sites that receive alot of friction like the mouth esphagus and outer portion of skin
straified cuboidal and stratifies columnar epithelia has how many layers at least 2
simple squamous epithelium has many layers single layer (like floor tiles)
simple cuboidal epithelium are one layer of CUBoidal cells (pancereas and salivary glands)
simple Columnar epithelium are single layer Tall cells also called goblet cells
Pseudostratisfied columnar epithelium are single layer cells that appear to have more then one nuceli
stratified epithelia is two most common several layers its found in sites that receive alot of friction like the mouth esphagus and outer portion of skin
straified cuboidal and stratifies columnar epithelia has how many layers at least 2
what are the types of connective tissue bpne cartilage dense connective tissue loose connective tissue and blood
bones are hard matrix that contain salt and large amounts of collagen
cartilage is less hard then bone more flexibale and is Hyaline cartilage also fibrocartilage and elastic cartilage
the 3 types of muscle tissue are sketla cardiac smooth
keletal muscle is attached to the skelton and is considered voluntary , can be controled
cardiac muscle are short and branch out and are called intercalated disks
smooth or visceral muscle are spindle shaped and have no striations it covers what all organs and contracts and relaxes
nervous tissue is called neurons
the epidermis is made of sqamous epithelium
what are the main layers in skin epidermis dermis subcutaneous tissue and hypodermis
epidermis has how many layers 5 , stratum basale, spinosum, granulosum, lucidum and corneun
what are the 2 divions of the skeleton axial and appendicular skelton
what are the functions of bones support protection movement storage blood cell formation
what are the 2 basic types of osseous or bone tissue compact and spongey bone
what are the diffrent shapes of bone long , short flat irregular
where can a long bone be found tibia fibula femur radius ulna
where can short bones be found wrist or carplals metatarsals
where can flat bones be found skull
where can irregular bones be found vertabra , hip girdle and shoulder or pectpral girdle
what makes up most of the bones length diaphysis
the diaphysis is covered by a fiberous connective tissue called peristeum
what are the ends of the long bone called epiphyses
what covers the external surface of a long bone articular cartilage
what does the epiphseal line turn into epiphyseal plat by puberty
in adults what is the primary storage cavity for adipose (fat) yellow marrow or medullary cavity
in infants what kind of marrow is storages in long bones red marrow
what does osteoblast mean bone forming matrix
osteoclast mean giant bone destroying cells
how many cranium bones are there 8 large bones and 2 paired bones
frontal bone and pariental bones are found where cranium
how many true ribs do u have 7
how many false ribs do u have 5
how many floating ribs do u have 2
Created by: brighteyes0553