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Med Law & Ethics VC

Med Law Final Exam

Stereotyping occurs when negative generalities concerning specific characteristics about a group are applied unfairly to an entire population
Bias unfair dislike or preference against someone can prevent a healthcare professional from making an impartial judgement.
Ethnocentric tend to believe that their cultural background is better than any other.
Autonomy independence for their beliefs
Employment-at-Will Concept Employment takes place at will of either employer or employee Employment may be terminated at will at any time for no reason Employee may quit at any time
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Prohibits discrimination, or unfair treatment based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin Sexual harassment
Equal Employment Opportunity Act (EEOA) of 1972 Authorizes suits on behalf of persons whose Title VII rights(Civil rights act of 1964) are violated
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 Employers must treat pregnant women as they would any other employee, providing pregnancy does not hinder job performance Employer cannot force woman to quit her job because she is pregnant
Civil Rights Act of 1991 Permits court to award both compensatory damages (for loss of income or emotional pain and suffering) and punitive damages (to punish the defendant and deter others from practicing discrimination)
Age Discrimination Act of 1967 Protects persons 40 and older against discrimination Applies to employers with 20 or more employees
Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Prohibits discrimination based on disability in institutions that receive federal financial assistance
Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA) of 1990 Prohibits employers who have more than 15 employees from discriminating against individual with disability Employer must make reasonable accommodations (AIDS patients also protected)
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 Employer required by law to provide safe and healthy work environment Must protect worker against hazards Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens Standards (urine, blood, saliva etc)
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Act of 1973 Requires company with 25 or more employees to provide HMO alternative to regular group insurance if HMO is available in area Under HMO, patient has limited choice of doctors
Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 Employers contracting to provide goods or service to the federal government must certify that they maintain a drug-free workplace
National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) of 1935 Gives employees right to form and join unions, to bargain collectively, and to strike for better benefits and working conditions Purpose of law is to protect employees
Antitrust Laws Seeks to preserve the private competitive market system by prohibiting activities that are anticompetitive
Bankruptcy When unable to pay debts, may file for bankruptcy Provides some protection to debtors Establishes fair method for distribution of debtor’s assets to all creditors
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1994 Allows mother and father to take leave of absence of up to 12 weeks in 12-month period when a baby is born Job or equivalent position must be available when employee returns to work
Worker’s Compensation Act Protects workers and families from financial problems resulting from employment-related injury, disease, or death Employers pay into a fund to help cover costs when employee has work-related injury or disease
Unemployment Compensation Employers pay taxes into state compensation plan Covers employees unable to work through no fault of their own (laid off)
Equal Pay Act of 1963 Illegal for employer to discriminate on basis of gender if performing same job
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938 Main statute regulating employee benefits Establishes minimum wage, requires pay for overtime, sets maximum hours employees can work
Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 Employers contracting to provide goods or service to the federal government must certify that they maintain a drug-free workplace
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Act of 1973 Requires company with 25 or more employees to provide HMO alternative to regular group insurance if HMO is available in area Under HMO, patient has limited choice of doctors
Public Health Records and Vital Statistics are used for: population trends and needs
public health officer holds inquest if death from unknown or violent cause coroner
physician who investigates unexplained deaths and can perform autopsy Medical examiner
examination after death to determine cause of death autopsy
Diseases transmitted from one person to another communicable
Includes physical abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment, and financial abuse of adults 60 and older Elder Abuse
Signs of Abuse Repeated injuries Bruises and unexplained swelling Unexplained fractures Bite marks Unusual marks Bruising or swelling in genital area
Only those with a______may issue prescriptions for narcotics DEA number
Adopted by professional organizations Summarize basic principles and behavior expected by all in that discipline Meant to govern conduct of members of given profession Code of ethics
Provides guidance for many of the dilemmas regarding right and wrong that medical assistants face on an almost daily basis AAMA
Issues resulting from advances in medical technology Bioethics
Code discusses nurses’ obligation to protect privacy, respect dignity of patient, maintain competence, and assume responsibility American Nurses Association (ANA)
Examples of Bioethics cloning, harvesting embryos, and in-vitro fertilization
Legal entity in United States Responsible for allocating organs for transplant United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS)
Publicly reporting a dangerous situation that is occuring in an institution or organization Whistle blowing
Neither experimenter nor patient knows who is getting research treatment double-blind test
the Human Genome Project is a research program by federal government Its purpose is to determine or “map” and sequence total number of genes Human Genome Project
Genetic Engineering includes: Cloning Gene therapy Human stem cell research
Needed gene spliced onto DNA of body cells to control production of particular substance Still in its infancy Gene therapy
These specialized cells can grow into any cell or tissue in the body Stem cells
injection of seminal fluid into vagina from husband or donor is known as: Artificial insemination
Ovum and sperm cells combined outside woman’s body Cells grown in laboratory and later implanted into woman’s uterus In-vitro fertilization
Drugs enhance ability to become pregnant Increases woman’s chance of having multiple births Fertility Drugs
union of male sperm and female ovum conception
Medically altering reproductive organs to terminate ability to produce offspring (Vasectomy/Bilateral tubal ligation) Sterilization
Becoming most popular method of birth control in the United States Volunatary Sterilization
Prevents ovulation or implantation of fertilized egg if taken with 72 hours No prescription required if ≥ 18 years-old Plan B (morning after pill)
This type of abortion occurs naturally without any interference (miscarriage) Sppontanous abortion
caused by artificial means (medications or surgical procedure) Induced abortion
All newborns are required to be screened for this genetic disease because mental retardation is preventable if diet is started early PKU (Phenylketonuria)
Created by: bismark