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SC 745-World War II

SC 7-World War II 7-4-5

aggression warlike acts against other nations
conscription required military service (draft)
demilitarized (zone) area or zone where military troops were not allowed--In this case the German troops (DMZ)
appeasement giving in to the "reasonable demands" of an unhappy nation to avoid war
Anschluss Hitler's unification of Germany and Austria
Munich Pact After taking Austria, Hitler demanded the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. European leaders meet at a conference in Munich to discuss Hitler's demands. Britain and France gave in to Hitler. In exchange, Hitler agreed to stop taking land (he lied)
Rome-Berlin Axis In 1936, Italy and Germany created this axis (alliance) around which they believed all of Europe revolved (- the center of their world)
blitzkrieg "lightning war" this tactic used columns of tanks and soldiers supported by airplanes to roll over opponents
strategic materials materials important to fighting
D-Day Under the command of U.S. General Eisenhower Allied forces landed on the beaches of Normandy, France. The invasion was the start of one of the greatest naval invasions in history bringing men and equipment onto the mainland of Europe to fight Hitler
Allies Great Britain, France, Russia, United States
December 7, 1941 Japanese attack Pearl Harbor, HI. the United States enters WWII
June 6, 1944 D-Day
May 7, 1945 Hitler commits suicide, German commanders surrender
August 6 & 9, 1945 American drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
September 2, 1945 Japan signs unconditional surrender. WWII ends
Franklin D. Roosevelt American President during war
Eleanor Roosevelt First Lady, visited soldiers, pro- civil rights
Rosie the Riveter symbol of women’s strength and ability to contribute to the war effort, propaganda
Jimmy Doolittle leader of the Doolittle Raid, America’s first air attack against Japan after Pearl Harbor
Dwight Eisenhower American military commander, D-Day
Francisco Franco leads Spanish rebels in civil war, more closely aligned with Hitler and Mussolini than FDR and Churchill
Adolf Hitler leader of Germany during the war
Benito Mussolini leader of Italy during the war, will be executed before the war is over
Joseph Stalin Soviet leader during the war
Winston Churchill British Prime Minister during the war
Charles De Gaulle the French leader during the war
Anne Frank famously hid in an attic in Amsterdam, was eventually discovered, sent to a concentration camp, and died just before being liberated
Josef Mengele the “Angel of Death” at Auschwitz, responsible for thousands of deaths, largely of twin children, in the name of “science” for the Nazis
Harry Truman FDR’s last vice president, didn’t know about the Manhattan Project until FDR died and he became president, gave permission for the atomic bombs to be dropped on Japan
Erwin Rommel German commander, fought Montgomery in North Africa, lost at El Alamein
Bernard Montgomery British commander, fought Rommel in North Africa, victorious at El Alamein
Himmler head of gestapo and SS, in charge of concentration and extermination camps
Goebbels head of Nazi propaganda
Heidrich SS leader, organized ghettos
Eichmann organized transportation to concentration and extermination camps
Goring commander of Luftwaffe
Oscar Schindler a German who is credited with keeping around 1,200 Jews from being sent to concentration camps during the Holocaust
Hideki Tojo Japan’s military leader during the war, executed after the war for war crimes against humanity
Emperor Hirohito Emperor of Japan during the war, surrendered after two atomic bombs were dropped, was not indicted after the war and remained a figurehead for the Japanese people
(Navajo) Code Talker Native Americans who communicated secret and tactical messages using native tribal languages
Created by: mhardy