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Lesson 16

Lesson 16/Cell Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
/elle little, tiny
/genetic producing
/lus little
/ole little
/plasm formation, (cell) contents, growth
/some a body
/type kind of; general character; mark
adenosine chemical that helps the actions of gland hormones
agranular smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus organelle that packages cell products
ATP, adenosine triphosphate cell molecules that store energy
biopsy remove tissue for diagnostic examination
bol/o throw, project
centri/o relating to a center or central location
centriole tubular organelles
chondri/o granule, little grain
chrom/o color
chromat/o colored
chromatin DNA scattered throughout the necleoplasm
chromosome DNA coiled tightly during reproduction
chromosomal relating to chromosomes
cili/o hair-like projections
cilium, cilia hair-like projections of a cell
cytoplasm gelatin-like material in the cell
differentiated type of a cell that has changed into a cell with a definite function
DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid material in cell made up of genes
enzym/o in+leaven
enzyme a molecule that starts chemical reactions
ER, endoplasmic reticulum organelle that moves materials around the cell
flagell/o tail-like projections
flagellum, flagella long, single projection from a cell
gene code for making protein in a cell
genet/o producing
genetic relating to producing
granul/o grainy
granular rough endoplasmic reticulum
genit/o genitals
inclusion supplies of food and water contained in cytoplasm
kary/o nucleus
karyoplasm gelatin-like material in the nucleus
lip/o fat
lipid substances extracted from cells by fat solvents
lys/o digest or dissolve
lysosomal relating to a lysosome
lysosome digesting body
microvillus, microvilli very small villi
mit/o thread-like, related to mitosis (cell reproduction)
mitochondria organelles in cytoplasm that oxygen to digest food in cell
mitosis cell reproduction
mitotic spindle found in a dividing cell
mitotic relating to cell reproduction
nucle/o center, cell nucleus, eyeball
nuclear relating to the nucleus
nucleol/o little nucleus
nucleolus, nucleoli small, round bodies that probably make ribosomes
necleoplasm gelatin-like material in the nucleus
nucleus basic cell part
organelle structure in cytoplasm that carries out instructions from DNA
ox/y oxygen, containing oxygen
oxidat/o adding oxygen
oxidation use of oxygen to digest food in the cell
pathologist one who studies disease
phor/o carry
phos/o light
phosphate, H3PO4 any form of phosphoric acid
phosphorus a chemical element; chemical symbol=P
prot/o first, primitive
ptotoplasm gelatin-like material filling cell
reticul/o little network, little net
rib/o the sugar ribose
ribosome organelle in cytoplasm
RNA, ribonucleic acid carries instructions for making proteins
som/o body
triphosphate chemical in ATP
tri/ three
undifferentiated cell that can change to different kinds of cells
vesicle sac that forms around products of cell for delivery to rest of body
vesicul/o little bladder or sac of fluid, blister, vesicle
vill/o finger-like projections, hairy tuft
lip/o fat
lipid substances extracted from cells by fat solvents
lys/o digest or dissolve
lysosomal relating to a lysosome
lysosome digesting body
microvillus, microvilli very small villi
mit/o thread-like, related to mitosis (cell reproduction)
mitochondria organelles in cytoplasm that oxygen to digest food in cell
mitosis cell reproduction
mitotic spindle found in a dividing cell
mitotic relating to cell reproduction
nucle/o center, cell nucleus, eyeball
nuclear relating to the nucleus
nucleol/o little nucleus
nucleolus, nucleoli small, round bodies that probably make ribosomes
necleoplasm gelatin-like material in the nucleus
nucleus basic cell part
organelle structure in cytoplasm that carries out instructions from DNA
ox/y oxygen, containing oxygen
oxidat/o adding oxygen
oxidation use of oxygen to digest food in the cell
pathologist one who studies disease
phor/o carry
phos/o light
phosphate, H3PO4 any form of phosphoric acid
phosphorus a chemical element; chemical symbol=P
prot/o first, primitive
ptotoplasm gelatin-like material filling cell
reticul/o little network, little net
rib/o the sugar ribose
ribosome organelle in cytoplasm
RNA, ribonucleic acid carries instructions for making proteins
som/o body
triphosphate chemical in ATP
tri/ three
undifferentiated cell that can change to different kinds of cells
vesicle sac that forms around products of cell for delivery to rest of body
vesicul/o little bladder or sac of fluid, blister, vesicle
vill/o finger-like projections, hairy tuft
semipermeable allows some things to pass through membrane
villus, villi short projections of cell membrane
vir/o virus
viral pertaining to virus