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Lesson 15

Lesson 15/Body Cavities and Membranes

QuestionAnswer
How many regions do doctors mentally divide the abdomen into? nine
Name the nine regions of the abdomen right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac
How many regions do doctors mentally divide the abdomen into? nine
Name the nine regions of the abdomen right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac
Simple way of mentally dividing the abdomen 4ths (quadrants)
Name the quadrants of the abdomen right upper, left upper, right lower, left lower
Name the two functions of body cavities protect the organs they contain, keep organs in a fairly consistent location
Name the two principal body cavities dorsal, ventral
Name the subdivisions of the dorsal body cavity cranial cavity and spinal canal
The opening that interconnects the cranial cavity and spinal canal foramen magnum
Name the subdivisions of the ventral body cavity thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, pelvic cavity
Mass of tissue between the lungs extending from the sternum to the vertebral column mediastinum
Cavity that encloses the heart pericardial cavity
Cavities that each contain a lung pleural cavities
boundary between the thoracic and abdominal cavity muscular diaphragm
Name the organs contained in the abdominal cavity gallbladder, liver, spleen, stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, kidneys, pancreas and ureters
Name the organs contained in the pelvic cavity bladder, colon, rectum and internal reproductive organs
Layers of tissue that cover organ surfaces, line body cavities and form tubes membranes
Body membranes come from these two basic tissue groups epithelial tissue and connective tissue
These membranes are classified by where they are located in the body epithelial
Cavities that each contain a lung pleural cavities
Types of epithelial membranes cutaneous, mucous, serous
Outer layer of the skin cutaneous membrane
Membranes that line every tube or cavity that connects to the surface of the body mucous membranes (mucosa)
Membranes that line the major body cavities that do not connect to the outside surface of the body se
Name the organs contained in the pelvic cavity bladder, colon, rectum and internal reproductive organs
Layers of tissue that cover organ surfaces, line body cavities and form tubes membranes
Body membranes come from these two basic tissue groups epithelial tissue and connective tissue
These membranes are classified by where they are located in the body epithelial
Types of epithelial membranes cutaneous, mucous, serous
Outer layer of the skin cutaneous membrane
Membranes that line every tube or cavity that connects to the surface of the body mucous membranes (mucosa)
Membranes that line the major body cavities that do not connect to the outside surface of the body serous membranes (serosa)
Name the pair of serous membranes parietal and visceral
Membranes that cover the organs visceral
Membranes that line the cavity parietal
Function of serous membranes put out a serous fluid (serum) that lubricates the organs and reduces friction
Function of mucous membranes secrete mucus which prevents cavities from drying out
Function of cutaneous membrane protective outer layer of skin (waterproof)
Viscus (pl. viscera) name of each large organ in a major body cavity
Serous membrane lining the thoracic cavity pleura
Serous membrane lining the pericardial cavity perietal pericardium
Serous membrane covering the heart visceral pericardium
Membrane lining the pleural cavities perietal pleura
Membrane covering the lungs visceral pleura
Largest serous membrane which protects the abdominopelvic cavity peritoneum
Membrane lining the abdominopelvic cavity wall perietal peritoneum
Membrane covering some of the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity visceral peritoneum
Types of connective tissue membranes synovial, cranial and spinal canal
Membranes that line the joints and secrete a fluid to cushion them synovial membrane
Membranes that line the cranial cavity and spinal canal meninges
Layers of meninges dura mater (outer meninx), arachnoid (middle meninx) and pia mater (inner meninx)
Referring to organs located behind the perietal serosa retroperitoneal
Referring to organs/structures located outside of the pleura membranes extrapleural
Perietal serosa lining the cranial cavity and spinal canal dura
The combination of the perietal and visceral serosa lining the cranial cavity and spinal canal meninges