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Mitral stenosis

echo 4571A

Mitral stenosis- 4 causes (etiology): a)Rheumatic fever – most common b)Severe Mitral Annular Calcification (MAC) – elderly patients c)Congenital anomalies – uncommon d) LA mass, tumor, or vegetation – creates secondary MS
The most common cause of MS: Rheumatic fever
4 Clinical signs and symptoms of mitral stenosis Dyspnea upon exertion, Hemoptysis, Chest pain, Heart sound (murmur)
The most common symptom of MS: Dyspnea upon exertion
Second most common symptom of MS: Hemoptysis
"Definitive sign of MS": Heart murmur with opening snap & diastolic rumble
2D findings – Mitral Stenosis: Diastolic doming (hockey stick), Commissural fusion, Thickening of the mitral valve leaflets, Anterior motion of the PMVL due to stenosis, Decreased MV orifice, LA/RA/RV enlargement
what is planimetry? Tracing to get a valve area
Created by: lefut