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APHG Ch 10 Key Terms
Agriculture-From "An Intro. to Human Geography" AP Edition: James M. Rubenstein
|The system of commercial farming in the United States and other relatively developed countries where agriculture is integrated into the overall process of food production.
|Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants, such as cutting stems and dividing roots
|Crops in Kansas, Colorado and Oklahoma that are planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer
|A large farm that specializes in one or two crops. They are usually located in LDCs but owned by companies headquartered in MDCs.
|When farmland has been exhausted by overuse or erosion to the point it is depleted of nutrients
|Seasonal migration of livestock from between mountains and low-land pasture areas.
|The commercial grazing of livestock
|Agricultural practices that preserve and enhance environmental quality.
|A sustainable agriculture method that protects soil through planting crops in raised rows 4 to 8 inches apart.
|Growing of fruits, vegetables and flowers.
|The reproduction of plants through annual planting of seeds that result from sexual fertilization
|A form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals.
|The practice of planting rice on dry land in a nursery and then moving the seedlings to a flooded field to promote growth.
|The Austronesian word (spoken in Indonesia) that refers to a flooded field where rice is grown.
|The type of agriculture that feeds nearly three-fourths of the world's population. This method requires greater energy and resources to produce more food from less land.
|Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
|Grain that is planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer; usually in Montana, the Dakotas and southern Canada.
|A practice employed in Asia to produce more food on smaller plots of land.
|The ring surrounding a city from which milk can be supplied without spoiling.
|An area cleared for shifting cultivation
|The practice of changing what is grown in fields from year to year to avoid exhausting the soil.
|Farmers clear land for planting by cutting down vegetation and burning the debris.
|Slash and Burn Agriculture
|A type of agriculture in humid low-latitude climate regions where farmers clear land for planting, grow crops until nutrients are depleted and the leave if fallow for many years.
|A type of farming named after the Middle English word for bartering. It sells mainly fruits and vegetables such as apples, aparagus, cherries, lettuce and tomatoes.
|The production of food primarily for sale off the farm.
|A dramatic increase in crop yields beginning in the 1970's through the development of hybrid seeds and expanded use of fertilizers.