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APHG Ch 10 Key Terms

Agriculture-From "An Intro. to Human Geography" AP Edition: James M. Rubenstein

QuestionAnswer
The system of commercial farming in the United States and other relatively developed countries where agriculture is integrated into the overall process of food production. Agribusiness
Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants, such as cutting stems and dividing roots Vegetative Planting
Crops in Kansas, Colorado and Oklahoma that are planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer Winter Wheat
A large farm that specializes in one or two crops. They are usually located in LDCs but owned by companies headquartered in MDCs. Plantation
When farmland has been exhausted by overuse or erosion to the point it is depleted of nutrients Desertification
Seasonal migration of livestock from between mountains and low-land pasture areas. Transhumance
The commercial grazing of livestock Ranching
Agricultural practices that preserve and enhance environmental quality. Sustainable Agriculture
A sustainable agriculture method that protects soil through planting crops in raised rows 4 to 8 inches apart. Ridge Tillage
Growing of fruits, vegetables and flowers. Horticulture
The reproduction of plants through annual planting of seeds that result from sexual fertilization Seed Agriculture
A form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals. Pastoral Nomadism
The practice of planting rice on dry land in a nursery and then moving the seedlings to a flooded field to promote growth. Wet Rice
The Austronesian word (spoken in Indonesia) that refers to a flooded field where rice is grown. Sawah
The type of agriculture that feeds nearly three-fourths of the world's population. This method requires greater energy and resources to produce more food from less land. Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
Grain that is planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer; usually in Montana, the Dakotas and southern Canada. Spring Wheat
A practice employed in Asia to produce more food on smaller plots of land. Double Cropping
The ring surrounding a city from which milk can be supplied without spoiling. Milkshed
An area cleared for shifting cultivation Swidden
The practice of changing what is grown in fields from year to year to avoid exhausting the soil. Crop Rotation
Farmers clear land for planting by cutting down vegetation and burning the debris. Slash and Burn Agriculture
A type of agriculture in humid low-latitude climate regions where farmers clear land for planting, grow crops until nutrients are depleted and the leave if fallow for many years. Shifting Cultivation
A type of farming named after the Middle English word for bartering. It sells mainly fruits and vegetables such as apples, aparagus, cherries, lettuce and tomatoes. Truck Farming
The production of food primarily for sale off the farm. Commercial Agriculture
A dramatic increase in crop yields beginning in the 1970's through the development of hybrid seeds and expanded use of fertilizers. Green Revolution
Created by: Bramble