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WH C13 Questions

QuestionAnswer
1. How was the first Industrial Revolution different from the second? First had textiles and steam power, second had steel, chemicals and electric power
2. Why was Daimler (box on 398), Ford and the Wright brothers important? Daimler – invented internal combustion engine. Ford perfrected the assembly line. Wright brothers were the first to fly.
3. What important invention was responsible for the first ever night shifts in factories? Light bulb
4. What did Marx think would eventually happen to the bourgeoisie? The proletariat would overthrow them in a war.
5. What is the difference between pure Marxists and revisionist Marxists? Pure Marxists said the overthrow had to be violent, revisionists said it didn’t have to be
6. What is a strike? What is it used for? Strike – stoppage of work used as leverage to get more benefits from bosses
7. What did Marx and Engels mean by the last three sentences of The Communist Manifesto? (pg. 402) All workers are treated badly and they have nothing to lose. They must unite to for a better life
8. Why did people move to the cities in Europe? Factory jobs
9. What is the difference between white collar and blue collar jobs? White collars are usually bosses and don’t get their hands dirty. Blue collars get dirty and are usually the working class.
10. Most women that had jobs were not ______________. Married
11. After what event do most women in the West get the right to vote? World War I
12. What does universal, compulsory education mean? Everyone has to go to school
13. What happened on Bloody Sunday? Who was involved? Where did it happen? Protestors go to Czar Nicholas’s palace. He has them murdered on his porch. Ouch.
14. What was the US’s first colony? What other lands did it take over? Samoa is the first. Also Hawaii, Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico
15. How did the US’s expansion make it an empire? An empire is when you own lands outside your border, so when US got Samoa, it was an empire.
16. What was Einstein’s theory of relativity about? Space and time are relative to the observer, not concrete.
17. Who came up with Social Darwinism? What is Social Darwinism? Herbert Spencer came up with Social Darwinism. It is survival of the fittest, applied to humans. So, some races are more advanced than others, so the less advanced are weaker and will die out.
Created by: pikeville1