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NMBH Agriculture

People or societies that are farmers promoting agricultural interests. These are rural areas. Agrarian
Commercial agriculture characterized by integrating different steps in the food-processing industry. These are large corporations that control planting to selling. Agribusiness
Area of dairy farming that surrounds urban areas. These farms are usually close to cities to avoid spoilage during transportation. Milk Shed
The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for subsistence or economic gain. Agriculture
___________ provided the first farmers with a steady form of fertilizer, and now is a commercial source of meat and meat byproducts such as cheese Animal Domestication
Commercially raising sea animals in enclosures. Aquaculture
During the __________ farmers began playing with new technologies like injecting hormones or different types of genes into plants and animals to produce fatter, larger, products, or crops that were resistant to pests like flies, etc. Biorevolution
process by which land that was once profitable for farming has become dry and exhausted due to excessive population growth requiring overcultivation, animal grazing, and tree cutting. Desertification
Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm. -Allowed people to move away from farms- fueled industrial revolution Commercial Agriculture
The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil. Takes up large areas of land but keeps land usable for future generations Crop Rotation
LDCs are no longer responsible for paying off their financial responsibilities if they preserve the natural landscape Debt-for-nature swap
Harvesting twice a year from the same land Double Cropping
Type of agriculture that requires a large amount of land but usually little labor such as grain and livestock farming in mid-latitude regions Extensive Agriculture
a plot of land on which livestock are fattened for market Feedlot
Around 8000 B.C. when humans first domesticated plants and animals First agricultural revolution
A series of organisms interrelated in their feeding habits, the smallest being fed upon by a larger one, which in turn feeds a still larger one, etc. Food Chain
Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizer. Because of Green Revolution, agricultural productivity at a global scale has increased faster than the population. Green Revolution
A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasibly yield from a parcel of land. Popular in East, South, and Southeast Asia Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
Tillage between rows of crops of plants. Popular method of organic farming to prevent stepping on plants Intertillage
commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area. Practiced is semi-arid or arid land, where vegetation is too sparse or the soil to too poor to support crops. Livestock Ranching
The small scale production of fruits, vegetables, and flowers as cash crops sold directly to local consumers. Distinguishable by the large diversity of crops grown on a small area of land, during a single growing season. Labor is done manually Market Gardening
Parts of Southern Spain are known for their wines and olive oil because they practice _____________, growing fruits and vegetables that thrive in this environment Mediterranean Agriculture
Subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals. Often found in dry regions where farming would be difficult. Nomadic herding/pastoralism
Precursor to Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, that allowed a shift in work force beyond subsistence farming to allow labor to work in factories. Second Agricultural Revolution
____________ is mostly found in rainforest regions. People slash and burn parts of the forest for agriculture, sustaining the rainforest for future generations Shifting Cultivation
Individuals who live in urban areas a great distance from their land and drive to the country to care for their crops and livestock. Suitcase Farm
social trap that involves a conflict over resources between interests and the common good. Tragedy of the Commons
pastoral practice of seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pasture areas. Transhumance
Commercial gardening and fruit farming. Predominant in Southeastern U.S.A, because of the long growing season and humid climate, accessibility to large markets of the NE. Uses mechanization. Truck Farm
According to _________, commercial farmers choose their crop based on 2 factors, cost of land and transportation, picking which crop would be the most profitable in a ring like pattern. Von Thunen
Found in the North Eastern part of the US, this is a type of market gardening where people choose to grow expensive crops like asparagus, strawberries, and mushrooms. This is often undertaken by farmers who are no longer dairy farming in this area. Specialty Farming
farmers use practices that are sensitive to the environment such as using less heavy energy draining equipment and chemicals, as well integrating crops and livestock onto one farm to utilize the benefits of natural fertilizers and food for the animals Sustainable Agriculture
Food that is produced for your own consumption, with little left over for sale. Mostly found in the LDCs. Subsistance Farming
Form of commercial farming found predominantly in the LDCs where European or North American Companies own the large farms that are worked by local labor that live on the farm during planting and harvesting. Plantation Farming
Created by: ahowe