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Medical Terminology

Chabner 7th Edition

chpt 11 med term.
tetra-
Four
inter-
between
-stenosis
tightening or stricture
-osis
abnormal condition
de-
lack of; down; less; removal of
-meter
measure
vascul/o
vessel
steth/o
chest
sphygm/o
pulse
pulmon/o
lung
pericardi/o
pericardium
myx/o
mucus
brachi/o
arm
ather/o
plaque
lipid tests
Measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides in a blood sample.
petechiae
small, pinpoint hemorrhages.
vegetations
Clumps of platelets, clotting proteins, microorgansisms & red blood cells on the endocardium in conditions such as bacterial endocarditis & rheumatic heart disease.
thrill
Vibration felt on palpation of the chest.
statins
Drugs used to lower cholesterol in the bloodstream.
patent
open
cardiac tamponade
Pressure on the heart caused by fluid in the pericardial space.
septum
Partition; separating the right & left sides of the heart.
bruit
An abnormal sound heard on a stethoscope.
auscultation
Listening with a stethoscope.
angina (pectoris)
Chest pain resulting from a lack of oxygen to the heart muscle.
tricuspid valve
Located between the right atrium and the right ventricle.
systole
Contraction phase of the heartbeat.
sphygmomanometer
Instrument to measure blood pressure.
occlusion
Closure of a blood vessel.
infarction
Area of dead tissue.
Emboli
Clots that travel to and suddenly block a blood vessel.
claudication
Pain, tension, and weakness in a leg after walking has begun, but absence of pain at rest.
pulmonary vein
One of two pairs of vessels carrying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
pulmonary valve
Positioned between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
pulmonary artery
Artery carrying oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs.
pacemaker
Specialized nervous tissue in the right atrium that begins the heartbeat; also called the sinoatrial node.
endocardium
Inner lining of the heart.
mitral valve
Valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart.
endothelium
Innermost lining of blood vessels.
diastole
Relaxation phase of the heartbeat.
coronary arteries
The blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.
capillary
Smallest blood vessel.
atrium
One of two upper chambers of the heart.
Created by: futurern