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Bible NT unit 1

miller's NT class

QuestionAnswer
Kaine Diatheke is the New Covenant
neos new similar
kainos new different
Antiochus IV called himself Epiphanes, demanded Hellenization, killed for keeping Jewish traditions, put up a statue of Zeus in the holy of hollies, & sacrificed pigs on the altars.
Epiphanes vision of God
give examples of Jewish tradition that Antiochus IV killed people for keeping the Sabbath & holidays, circumcising baby boys, & had scriptures.
Mattathias refused to kill pig on the altar & killed a Jew who tried to
Judas Maccabeus goes to Jerusalem & gets the temple back.
164 BC 1st Hanukkah & re-dedication of the temple
Hanukkah celebrates the re-dedication of the temple
4 birth of Jesus
Augustus emperor of Jesus' birth
Tiberius emperor during Jesus' ministry
Nero emperor during Paul's ministry & persecuted Christians
Vesapian & Titus destroy Jerusalem in 70
Domitian emperor of book of Revelation & lead to worse persecution than Nero
Military Legions approx. 6,000 soldiers & divided into cohort & it's divided into centuries about 25 emperor wide.
Auxiliaries legions but they are noncitizens
Centurion a leader of 100 soldiers like a Sergeant backbone of Roman military
Praetorian Guard secret service & emperors body guard
Herod the Great weaseled way to be king, murdered family members, sent soldiers to Bethlehem to slaughter infants & toddlers, most famous for his building constructions like the temple
Atipas tries Jesus before the crucifixion & killed John the Baptist Son of Herod the Great
Agrippa I grandson of Herod the Great & killed the 1st apostle to be martyred
who was the 1st apostle to be martyred James
Order social class & you don't change order that you were born in you rarely move up
Status position within the order this can & usually does change
Honor go up in status
Shame go down in status
senatorial order more like a social class 600 family limit must have 250,000 denarus or get kicked out they get high offices wore purple sashes over their togas
Equestrian Order had a limit of 100,000 denarus no family limit could be more wealthier than senator more safe no worry over who will be next emperor
Populus Integer "respectable population" normal everyday people with jobs & aren't wealthy 5-10% small clas example Paul
Plebeians "shabby people" peasants, large class, example Jesus
Freedmen former slave, found in almost every level of society, & keeps relations with his owner
how you can become a slave: born into slave family be captured imprisonment sell yourself to relieve debt exposure: getting rid of unwanted baby
household basic social unit included extended family & slaves, wealthy maybe 20-40, senators have 200-300 people in household
marriage in Greco-Roman meant living together
girls married younger than guys what were the ages? Greco-Roman & Jews Roman: 14 yr girl 25-35 yr guy Jews: 14 yr girl 18 yr guy
illegal adultry in Roman culture was sex between a man & a married woman
Women in Greco-Roman were looked down upon
women in Jewish culture were highly valued & works really hard
Primary level of education elementary school 7-11 yrs reading, writing, & maybe math
Secondary level of education 11 yrs humanities (liberal arts)
Advanced level of education done by age 20 in one of 4 categories: philosophy, medicine, law, thetoric
Schools were private by a hired tutor
pederasty sex between teacher & student. usually both males
Jewish education was surrounded by Torah, girls didn't, centered in home & synagogues
Temple divided in 4 areas were only Priests, Jewish men, Jewish women & Gentiles
Synagogue means gathering for worship, education
Sanhedrin a court conveyed by high priests & mechanism Rome chose to rule
Samaritans claim true ancient Jews
Priests are descendants of Levi divides the land into 24 groups & each groupvspent some time at synagogues
Ethics had nothing to do with religion
Magic and Astrology was hard to distinguish from mainstream religion and was hard to separate from medicine
Mystery Religions have an afterlife, associated with gods who rose from the dead, Christianity was assumed to be one
Emperor Worship Emperors declared divine after death until Domition who demanded worship, Jews refused to worship him so they paid more taxes and sacrificed for him
4 characteristics of Greco-Roman philosophies exclusive, sought and made converts, promoted a view of ethics, organized and hierarchical
Textual Criticism A method for solving a problem
Because none of the NT manuscripts are identical, what's the primary goal of NT textual criticism? Arriving at the original text of the NT documents
How did differences in manuscripts come about? Misreading/hearing/seeing/copying, harmonizing-making things more similar than they are, improving, correcting errors, adding details
How do scholars sort out the differences in the manuscripts? Look for the reading that explains all other readings, evaluate rather than simply count manuscripts
How long was it before the NT was written? About 20 years- completely written in 65 years
Why did it take 65 years to complete the NT? Jesus didn't write anything, Already had scripture, expecting the 2nd coming in their lifetime, still had eyewitnesses
What documents were written first? Paul's letters
4 ways they chose which documents would be canonized Author-Apostolicity, Content (doctrine gave rise to scripture), Clout of the recipient, Spirit
Which NT books were disputed? the last 3rd
What do we call the books that weren't included? NT Apocrypha
Created by: midnight1854
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