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disease control voca

vocabulary chapter 19

Kingdom of organisms that includes yeasts, molds, & mushrooms, usually not pathogenic to humans. However, in high concentrations may cause disease FUNGI
Disease producing microorganism. They exist in everyday environment and usually thrive in warm, moist environments. They are the first link in the chain of infections PATHOGEN
Organism mainly found in soil that is capable of producing disease PROTOZA
Howard Ricketts, U>S> Pathologist. Genus of bacteria that are intracellular parasites. (must be in living cells to reporduce) Their vectors are anthropods such as fleas, ticks, mice, and lice RICKETTSIA
Any object that adhears to and transmits infections material. (such as countertops, drinking glasss, combs) FOMITE
Process in which specialized white blood cells (phagocytes) engulf and destroy microorganisms, foreign antigens, and cellular debris PHAGOCYTOSIS
Interval between earliest sympotoms and appearance of a rash or fever PRODROMAL
to remove microorganisms from reusable equipment and surfaces using chemicals, heat or ionizing radiation SANITIZE
Interval between exposure to infection and the appearance of the first symptom INCUBATION
Pathogen requiring another living organism in order to survive PARASITE
Consisting of or containing pus PURULENT
Organism that provides a hospitable environment in which pathogens can grow RESERVOIR HOST
Bacterial or fungal cells that are resistant to temperature extremes SPORES
The practice of maintaining an environment free from pathogens ASEPSIS
One-cell organism, some of which are capable of producing disease. (cocci-round shaped)(bacilli-rod shaped)(spirilla-spiral shaped) staphylococcus, steptocuccus, gonorrhea, lyme disease are some different forms of bacteria BACTERIA
Organisms found on and in a person"s body that do not cause disease NORMAL FLORA
Having symptoms, such as fever, sore throat, nausea, and vomiting SYMPTOMATIC
Marker that identifies a cell as being part of the body(self) or not part of the abody(nonself) Antigens on the body's own cells are autoantigens and all others are foreign antigens ANTIGEN
Any condition characterized by subjective complaints, a specific history,clinical signs or symnptoms and lab or radiographic findings DISEASE
Living organism to small to be seen with the naked eye MICROORGANISM
Carrier, usually an insect, that transmits a disease from infected person to a non infected person VECTOR
Immunoglobulin produced by WBS's in response to a specific antigen. Immunoglobulin: any of a diverse group of plasma polypeptides that bind antigenic proteins and serve as one of the body's primary defenses against disease ANTIBODY
Application of a substance to materials and surfaces to destroy pathogens DISINFECTION
Any disease caused aby a microorganism that may be directly or indirectly transmitted between individuals causing infection. Aka: Communicable Disease INFECTIOUS DISEASE
Created by: craftygrmy