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chapter 4 body

whole body terminology

abdominal cavity The cavity beneath the thoracic cavity that is separated from the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm; ex liver, gallbladder, spleen.
anaplasia** a chage in the structure and orientation of cells; space between diaphragm and the groin
anatomical position the standard reference position for the body as a whole.
anterior** pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body
aplasia a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
cardiac muscle the muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
caudal peraining to the tail
cell the smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter
cell membrane the semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell
cervical vertebrae** the first seven segments of the spinal column; C1 through C7
cheromosomes the threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body
coccyx** the tailbone. end of the vertebral column
connective tissue tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
cranial pertaining to the skull or cranium
cranial cavity the cavity that contains the brain
cytology the study of cells
distal away from or farthest from the trunk of the body, or farhest from the point of origin fo a body part
dorsal peraining to the back
dysplasia** any abnormal development of tissues or organs
epigastric region the region of the abdomen located betweeen the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the ribs
epithelial tissue the tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body; it also lines the vessels, bodycavities, glands, and body organs
genes segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics.
frontal plane any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, perpendicular to the sagittal planess and dividing the body into front and back portions
histologist** a medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
hyperplasia** an increase in the number of cell of a body part
hypogastric region** the middle section of the lower abdomen, beneath the umbilical region
hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decreas in the number of cells
inferior below or downward toward the tail or feet
inguinal region** the righr and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen; also called the iliac region
lateral** toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body
lumbar region the right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
mcburney's point a point on the right side of the abdomen, about 2/3 of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip
medial toward the midline of the body
mediolateral** pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
medline of the body the imaginary line created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves
mitochondria cell organs,which probide the energy needed by the cell to carry on its essential functions
muscle tissue the tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers
navel** the umbilicus; the belly button
neoplasia the new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant
nervous tissue tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body, thereby activating , coordinationg, and controlling the many functions of the body
nucleus the central controlling body within a living cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane
pelvic cavity the lower front cavity of the body, located beneath the abdominal cavity; contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
piritoneum a specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera
plane imaginary slices made through the body as if a dividing sheet were passed through the body at a particular angle and in a particular angle and in a particular direction, permitting a view from a different angle
plantar** pertaining to the sole of bottom of the foot
posterior** pertaining to the back of the body
prone lying facedown of the abdomen
proximal** toward or nearest to the trunk of the body, or nearest to the point of origin of a body part
sacrum the singular triangular-shaped bone that results from the fusion of the five individual sacral bones of the child
skeletal muscle muscle that is attached to bone and is responsible for the movement of the skeleton
smooth muscle muscle found in the walls of the hollow organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines
supergicial pertaining to the surface of the body, or near the surface
supination amovement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
supine** lying horizontally on the back, face up
thoracic cavity the chest cavity, which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus , and trachea
tissue a group of cells that performs specialized functions
transverse plane any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes, dividing the body into superior(upper) and inferior(lower)
umbilical region the region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen, between the right and left lumbar regions and directly beneath the epigastric region
umbilicus** the navel; also called the belly button
ventral** pertaining to the front; belly side
visceral pertaining to the internal organs
visceral muscle smooth muscle
Created by: tyrantstrick