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APHG Chapter 8
|Somethings that indicated bounds of limits
|political boundaries on Earth's surface are determined by the use of man-made structures such as fences and walls.
|When 2 or more states disagree about the demarcation of a political boundary.
|The Distance from the geographic center of the area to any point on the boundary does not vary greatly
|State that is geographically long and narrow
|Portion of a state that is totally surrounded by another state
|small portion of land that is separated from the main state
|State split into many pieces
|State not having direct access to an ocean
|State that totally surrounds another state
|State having a portion of a territory that is elongated
|state that is extremely small
|Political unit comprising a clearly delineated territory where the population shared a common history and culture
|below the surface of Earth. Boundaries are vertical planes, not merely lines of a map
|Zone where no state exercises political control
|Major physical features such as deserts, mountain ranges, and or water bodies that serve as a means of separation
|Straight line that serve as political boundaries that are unrelated to physical and or cultural differences
|Cultural Political Bondary
|political boundary that separates difference cultures
|Boundary that separates different religions
|Boundary that separates different language speakers
|How boundaries evolve over time
|Boundary that was created before the present day cultural landscape developed
|Boundaries that are created as a result of long-term process
|Super Imposed Boundary
|boundary that has been forced upon the inhabitants of an area to solve a problem and conflict
|Boundary that ceases to exist, however the imprint of the boundary still remains of the cultural landscape
|When a state constructs physical barriers along a boundary to either keep people in or out of its territory
|geographic are that is dominated by a large population that shares a common history and culture
|political entity that maintains status as an independent country.
|The capacity of a state to influence other states or achiever it's goals through diplomatic, economic, and militaristic means.
|Economic model where in people corporations and states produce goods and exchange them on the world market.
|Forces that tend to unify a country
|rule by autonomous power over a subordinate and alien people and places.
|The process through which something is given monetary value.
|Process that incorporates higher levels of education, higher salaries, and more technologies.
|Process by which geopolticians deconstruct and focus on explaining the underlying spatial assumptions and territorial perspectives of politicians.
|Government based on the principle that the people are the ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within the state.
|The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy.
|A political-territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have common interests.
|Redistricting for advantage, or practice of dividing areas into electoral districts to give 1 political party and electoral majority in a large number of districts while concentrating the voting strength of the opposition in as few districts as possible.
|a geopolitical hypothesis, proposed by British geographer Halford Mackinder,that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain sufficient strength to eventually dominate the world.
|In the context of determining representative districts, the process by which a majority of the population is from the minority.
|Associated with the promotion of commercialism and trade.
|State with more than one nation within its borders
|Nation that stretches across borders and across states
|Peace of Westphalia
|Peace negotiated in 1648 to end the 30 year's war.
|Processes that incorporate lower levels of education, lower salaries, and less technology; and generate less wealth that core processes in the world-economy
|Political boundary defined and delimited by a prominent physical feature in the natural landscape
|a subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and implications of the evolving spatial organization of political governance and formal political practice on earth's surface.
|Process by which representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people.
|Representation of a real-world phenomenon at a certain level of reduction or generalization.
|Place where core and periphery processes are both occurring