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APHG Chapter 8

Boundary Somethings that indicated bounds of limits
Boundary Delimitation political boundaries on Earth's surface are determined by the use of man-made structures such as fences and walls.
Boundary Dispute When 2 or more states disagree about the demarcation of a political boundary.
Compact State The Distance from the geographic center of the area to any point on the boundary does not vary greatly
Elongated State State that is geographically long and narrow
Enclave Portion of a state that is totally surrounded by another state
Exclave small portion of land that is separated from the main state
Fragmented State State split into many pieces
Landlocked State State not having direct access to an ocean
Perforated State State that totally surrounds another state
Prorupt State State having a portion of a territory that is elongated
Microstate state that is extremely small
Nation-State Political unit comprising a clearly delineated territory where the population shared a common history and culture
Subsoil below the surface of Earth. Boundaries are vertical planes, not merely lines of a map
Frontier Zone where no state exercises political control
Physical Boundary Major physical features such as deserts, mountain ranges, and or water bodies that serve as a means of separation
Geometric Boundary Straight line that serve as political boundaries that are unrelated to physical and or cultural differences
Cultural Political Bondary political boundary that separates difference cultures
Religious Boundary Boundary that separates different religions
Language Boundary Boundary that separates different language speakers
Genetic Boundary How boundaries evolve over time
Antecendent Boundary Boundary that was created before the present day cultural landscape developed
Subsequent Boundary Boundaries that are created as a result of long-term process
Super Imposed Boundary boundary that has been forced upon the inhabitants of an area to solve a problem and conflict
Relict Boundary Boundary that ceases to exist, however the imprint of the boundary still remains of the cultural landscape
Fortified Boundary When a state constructs physical barriers along a boundary to either keep people in or out of its territory
Nation geographic are that is dominated by a large population that shares a common history and culture
State political entity that maintains status as an independent country.
Ability The capacity of a state to influence other states or achiever it's goals through diplomatic, economic, and militaristic means.
Capitalism Economic model where in people corporations and states produce goods and exchange them on the world market.
Centripetal Forces that tend to unify a country
Colonialism rule by autonomous power over a subordinate and alien people and places.
Commodification The process through which something is given monetary value.
Core Process that incorporates higher levels of education, higher salaries, and more technologies.
Critical Geopolitics Process by which geopolticians deconstruct and focus on explaining the underlying spatial assumptions and territorial perspectives of politicians.
Democracy Government based on the principle that the people are the ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within the state.
Devolution The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy.
Federal A political-territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have common interests.
Gerrymandering Redistricting for advantage, or practice of dividing areas into electoral districts to give 1 political party and electoral majority in a large number of districts while concentrating the voting strength of the opposition in as few districts as possible.
Heartland Theory a geopolitical hypothesis, proposed by British geographer Halford Mackinder,that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain sufficient strength to eventually dominate the world.
Majority-Minority Districts In the context of determining representative districts, the process by which a majority of the population is from the minority.
Mercantilism Associated with the promotion of commercialism and trade.
Multinational State State with more than one nation within its borders
Multistate Nation Nation that stretches across borders and across states
Peace of Westphalia Peace negotiated in 1648 to end the 30 year's war.
Periphery Processes that incorporate lower levels of education, lower salaries, and less technology; and generate less wealth that core processes in the world-economy
Physical-political boundary Political boundary defined and delimited by a prominent physical feature in the natural landscape
Political Geography a subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and implications of the evolving spatial organization of political governance and formal political practice on earth's surface.
Reapportionment Process by which representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people.
Scale Representation of a real-world phenomenon at a certain level of reduction or generalization.
Semi-periphery Place where core and periphery processes are both occurring
Created by: mrmonastro
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