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SS Middle East Unit

HMS Ocelots SS Middle East Unit Test 2014

Fertile Crescent rich, fertile farmland in the shape of an arc
irrigation a way of supplying water
canals human-made waterways
surplus more than needed
division of labor an arrangement in which each worker is an expert in a particular task or job
rural countryside area
urban city areas
city-state a city and all the countryside around it
empire an area of many territories and people that are controlled by one government
polytheism the worship of many gods
priests people who performed religious ceremonies, they were the connection between the Sumerians and the gods.
social hierarchy (social class) – grouping people by rank or class
Gilgamesh a king who became a legend in Sumerian literature
Sargon a strong ruler who created the first empire
cuneiform the world’s first system of writing
pictographs picture symbols
scribe a writer; very important in society, and high in the social hierarchy
epics long poems that tell the stories of heroes
ziggurat a pyramid-shaped temple tower
Social class (give who was at the top, and who was at the bottom) How was early Sumerian society organized?
Purple dye; the alphabet; developed sea routes for trading; founded the city of Carthage What were four important developments of the Phoenicians?
He wrote the first code of laws. What was Hammurabi's greatest achievement?
The Assyrians Which empire was known for using iron weapons, battering rams, and chariots in battles?
Mesopotamia area of land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; name means "between the rivers"
chariot a wheeled, horse-drawn battle cart
Mesopotamia area of land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; name means "between the rivers"
Created by: reneewrob