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Chapter 11

Classification of Drugs Based on Action

Drug used to manage mild to moderate pain and to reduce fever Analgesics/ Antipyretics Tylenol; Bayer; Ecotrin; Voltaren; Advil; Motrin; Mobic; Aleve; Anaprox; Naprosyn
Drug used to produce local anesthesia through loss of feeling to a body part Anesthetics (Local) Xylocaine; Nupercanial ointment
Drug used t0 treat heartburn, hyperacidity, indegestion, and gastroesophageal reflux disease, and to promote healing of ulcers Antacids Maalox; Mylanta; Tums; Alka-Seltzer
Drug used to treat mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzhiemer's disease Anti-Alzheimer's Agents Aricept
Drug used to prevent or cure iron-deficiency anemia; also used to treat pernicious anemia; also used to promote normal fetal development Antianemics Feosol; DexFerrum; Infed; Cobex; Cyanoject; Folvite
Drug used to relieve or prevent angina attacks. Antianginals Sobritrate, Imdur, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur, Nitrostat
Drug used to treat anxiety. Antianxiety Agents Xanax, BuSpar, Librium, Valium, Ativan
Drug used to decrease preoperatively oral adn respiratory Anticholinergics Atro-Pen
Drug used to prevent and treat venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and myocardial infarction by preventing clot extension and formation. Anticoagulants Coumadin
Drug used to prevent or relieve seizures. Anticonvulsants Tegretol,Klonopin, Depakote, Neurontin, Lamictal, Dilantin, Topamax, Depakene.
Drug used to prevent, cure, or alleviate depression, and to treat anxiety disorders (panic attacks) and obsessive-convulsive disorder. Antidepressants Celexa, Lexapro, Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Elavil, Wellbutrin-SR, Remeron, Serzone, Desyrel, Effexor XR
Drug used to manage non-insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus Antidiabetics Amaryl, Glucotrol XL, Diabeta, Micronase, Glucophage, Actos, Avandia, Humulin R, Novolin R, Humulin N, Novolin N
Drug used to control and relieve diarrhea Antidiarrheals Pepto-Bismol, Lomotil, Kaopectate, Imodium
Drug used to control or prevent cardiac dysrythmias Antidysrythmics Pronestyl, Inderal
The drug used to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting Antimetics Marinol, Zofran, Compazine, Phenergan, Bonine
The drug used to relieve discomfort of excess gas and bloating in gastrointestinal tract Antiflatulents Gas-X, Mylanta Gas
The drug used to treat fungal infections Antifungals Fungizone, Gyne-Lotrimin, Diflucan, Nizoral, Monistat, Mycostatin, Terazol
The drug used to prevent attacks of gout Antigout agents Zyloprim, Colchicine tablets
Drug used to treat worm infections ( pinworms, roundworms, hookworms ) Antihelmintics Vermoxes
Drug used to relieve symptoms associated with allergies ( increased sneezing, rhinorrhea, itchy eyes, nose, and throat) Antihistamines Dimetaine, Zyrtec, Chlor-Trimetron, Teldrin, Clarinex, Benadryl, Allegra, Atarax, Vistaril, Claritin, Phenergan
Drug used to manage hypertension Antihypertensives Lotensin, Capoten, Vasotec, Prinivil, Accupril, Altace, Catapres, Cardura, Minipress, Atacand, Avapro, Cozaar, Benicar, Diovan, Tenormin, Zebeta
Drug used to treat erectile dysfunction Antiimpotence Agents Viagra
Drug used to treat infections Antiinfectives Amoxil, Trimox, Augmentin, Bicillin, Veetids, Wycillin, Zithromax, Biaxin, Ery-Tab, Pedizole, Ceclor, Omnicef, Cefzil, Keflex, Cipro, Floxin
Drug used to relieve signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in adults Antiinflammatory Agents Bayer, Ecotrin, Celebrex, Lodine, Advil, Motrin, Indocin, Relafen, Aleve, Anaprox, Bextra
Drug used to treat bipolar affective disorders Antimanics Eskalith, Eskalith CR
Drug used in acute treatment of migrane attacks Antimigraines Imitrex
Drug used to treat tumors Antineoplastics Cytoxan, Mexate, Folex
Drug used to treat symptoms of Parkinson's disease Anti-Parkinson's Agents Sinemet
Drug used to treat protozoal infections Antiprotozoals Flagyl
Drug used to treat psychotic disorders Antipsychotics Haldol, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Seroquel
Drug used to manage HIV infections and to reduce maternal-fetal transmission HIV Antietrovirals Retrovir
Drug used to control hypermotillity in irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colitis, spastic bladder, and pylorospasm Antispasmodics Bentyl, Levsin
Drug used to treat Tuberculosis Antituberculars Isotamine, PMS, Rifadin
Drug used in prevention or relief of coughs caused by minor viral upper respiratory infections or inhaled irritants Antitussives Tessalon, Tussionex, Robitussin DM, Robitussin A-C
Drug used to manage ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, heartburn, indigestion, and gastric hyperacidity Antiulcers Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec, Protonix, Aciphex, Zantac
Drug used to manage herpes infections Antivirals Zovirax, Valtrex
Drug used to treat and prevent osteoporosis Bone Resorption Inhibitors Fosamax, Evista, Actonel
Drug used to manage reversible airway obstruction caused by asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Bronchodilators Proventil, Advair Diskus, Combivent, Singular, Serevent, Accolate
Drug used to treat congestive heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias Cardiac Glycosides Crystodigin, Digitek, Lanoxicaps, Lanoxin
Drug used to treat narcolepsy and manage attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Central Nervous System Stimulants Strattera, Dexedrine, Adderall, Ritalin
Drug used to prevent pregnancies and to regulate menstrual cycle Contraceptives Apri, Yasmin, Alesse, Levien, Karvia, Mircette, Ortho-Novum, Depo-Provera, Ortho Evra, NuvaRing
Drug used to treat inflammation, allergies, asthma, and autoimmune disorders and as a replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency Corticosteroids Cortone, Flovent, Cortef, Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Artistocort, Vancenase, Flonase, Nasonex, Deltasnoe, Nasacort
Drug used to decrease nasal congestion Decongestants Afrin, Dristan, Neo-Synephrine, Sudafed
Drug used to manage hypertension, edema in congestive heart failure, and renal disease Diuretics Bumex, Lasix, Hygroton, Esidrix, HyrdoDiuril, Aldactone, Dyrenium
Drug used to treat or prevent electrolyte depietion Electrolyte Replacements K-Dur, Klor-Con
Drug used to treat poisoning Emetics Syrup of ipecac
Drug used to manage coughs by expelling mucus Expectorants Robitussin, Naldecon
Drug used to treat moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms of menopause Hormone Replacements Premarin, Prempro, Activella
Drug used to prevent (vaccine-preventable) diseases Immunizations Acel-Immune, Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia, ActHIB, HibTITER, Havrix, Vaqta, Energix-B, Recombivax HB, IPOL, Fluogen, FluShield, FluZone, M-R-Vax II
Drug used to treat severe rheumatoid arthritis and to prevent and treat rejection of transplanted organs Immunosuppressants Sandimmune, Neoral, Rheumatrex
Drug used to relieve constipation Laxatives Dulcolax, Colace, Phenolax, Metamucil
Drug used to lower cholesterol to reduce risk of myocardial infarction and stroke Lipid-Lowering Agents Lipitor, Zetia, Vytorin, Tricor, Lescol, Lopid, Mevacor, Pravachol, Crestor, Zocor
Drug used to treat acute painful musculoskeletal conditions Muscle Relaxants Soma, Flexeril, Skelaxin, Robaxin
Drug used to treat eye infections Ophthalmic Antiinfectives TobraDex, Polysporin, Neosporin, Polytrim, Tobrex
Drug used to treat ear conditions Otic Preparations Auralgan, Cortisporin Otic, Floxin Otic, Debrox
Drug used to reduce incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke Platelet Inhibitors Plavix, Aspirin
Drug used for short-term treatment of insomnia Sedatives and Hypnotics Lunesta, Dalmane, Luminal, Restoril, Ambien
Drug used to manage nicotine witdrawal to cease cigarette smoking Smoking Deterrents Nicorette Gum, Nicotrol Inhaler, Nicoderm Patch, Commit Lozenges
Drug used for acute management of coronary thrombosis Thrombolytic Agents Activase, Eminase, Retavase, Streptase
Drug used as replacement or substitute therapy for diminished or absent thyroid functioning of many cases Thyroid Preparations Levoxyl, Synthroid, Tapazole
Drug used to treat overactive bladder function. Urinary Tract Antispasmodics Ditropan, Detrol
Drug used for obesity Weight Control Agents Tenuate, Fastlin, Meridia, Xenical
Drug used to treat severe allergic reactions and cardiac arrest Vasopressors Adrenalin, EpiPen
The drug used to manage moderate to severe pain Analgesics (Opioid) Tylenol w/ Codeine; Actiq; Vicodine; Lortab; Demerol; Oxycontin; Percocet; Percodan; Darvon; Darvocet-N; Ultram
Created by: lindseymartineau