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MOD D UNIT 2 LECTURE

EXAM REVIEW

QuestionAnswer
nasal cavity lined by ciliated epithelium
vital capacity the maximum amount of air that can be moved in or out of the respiratory system.
surfactant lipid secretion that coats alveolar surfaces and prevents their collapse
pleural cavities subdivisions of the thoracic cavity that contain the lungs
alveolus Air sacs within the lungs; the sites of gas exchange with the blood
inhalation movement of air into the lungs
exhalation movement of air out of the lungs
respiratory centers controls breathing
The narrow __________________ extends from the oropharynx to the entrance of the esophagus laryngopharynx
________________ lacks the support of cartilage bronchioles
physical movement of air into and out of the lungs is called pulmonary ventilation
The amount of air moved into or out of the lungs during a single respiratory cycle is: tidal volume
The respiratory control centers that set the basic rate of breathing are in the? medulla oblongata
The exchange of gases between living cells and the environment is: respiration
The _____________________ prevents the lungs from over expanding as one breathes more deeply during strenuous activity inflation reflex
The larynx contains nine cartilages that are stabilized by ligaments and/or skeletal muscle. true
The expiratory reserve volume is the amount of air that can be taken in over and above the resting title volume . false
Gas exchange is the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and blood (external respiration), and the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide between blood and cells in the body tissues (internal respiration). true
Total lung capacity is the sum of the vital capacity and the residual volume true
Oxygen and carbon dioxide readily dissolve in blood plasma. false
The diameter of the trachea is adjusted by the __________. ANS
The tracheal branches form the __________________. RIGHT & LEFT PRIMARY BRONCHI
Gas exchange occurs in the __________________. LUNGS
Decreased body temperatures ___________ the respiratory rate. REDUCES
The pitch of the voice is regulated by the amount of __________ in the vocal cords. TENSION
All of the following are organs of the respiratory system except: tonsils
The __ acts as a lid to prevent aspiration of food into the trachea. epiglottis
surfactant mediastinum
The air cells of the lungs are the: alveoli
15 to 20
A condition in which there is a lack of the sense of smell is: anosmia
exhalation apnea
respiratory centers bronchoscope
The medical term for difficulty breathing is:
________________ lacks the support of cartilage
orthopnea
_____________ is a condition of the lung due to the inhalation of dust
_________ is the surgical repair of the nose. Rhinoplasty
A _________ is an instrument used to measure the volume of respired air. spirometer
tachypnea
The surgical puncture of the chest for removal of fluid is: thoracocentesis
Gas exchange is the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and blood (external respiration), and the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide between blood and cells in the body tissues (internal respiration).
Total lung capacity is the sum of the vital capacity and the residual volume
_________ is pus in the pleural cavity.
The medical term for whooping cough is:
___________ is the amount of air in a single inspiration or expiration Tidal volume
Gas exchange occurs in the __________________.
coal
The suffix -phore means
Created by: AlongCameAlicia