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Social Studies Chp 9

Social Studies Chapter 9 vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Hellenistic Period A period of time when Ancient Greece and Asian cultures mixed
Mediterranean Sea A large body of water bordered by Europe, Asia, and Africa
Alexander the Great The king of Macedonia who conquered a vast empire in Europe, Asia, and Africa
Socrates Ancient Greek philosopher who developed an approach to teaching based on asking questions
Plato Ancient Greek philosopher and disciple of Socrates who was one of the most famous thinkers of Ancient Greece
Archimedes Scientist of the Hellenistic age who was the first person to explain how levers work
Aristotle Ancient Greek philosopher and student of Plato who wrote more than 170 books
Agora An outdoor marketplace in Ancient Greece
Plunder Valuables taken in war
Aegean Sea The sea that separates Greece from Asia Minor
Ionian Sea The sea that separates Western Greece from southeast Italy
Crete An Island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea; the center of Minoan civilization
Mycenae An early city-state of Greece
Troy A city on western coast of Asia Minor; site of the legendary Trojan War
Trojan War A war fought between the people of Troy and the Greeks
Mount Olympus A mountain in Northern Greece thought to be thought by the Ancient Greeks to be the home of their gods
Athens A city-state that was the best the best example of Ancient Greek democracy; the capital of modern Greece
Sparta An Ancient Greek city-state that was under strict military rule
Homer Ancient Greek poet who composed two poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, about the Trojan War
Pericles Ancient Athenian leader who strove to make Athens the center of art and literature who was responsible for building the Parthenon Myth
Democracy A government by the people
Helot A slave
Olympic Games Athletic contests held by the Ancient Greeks about 3,500 years ago and revived in modern time
Marathon The longest race in the Olympics, a footrace of about 26 miles
Philosopher A person who studies truth and knowledge
Plague An epidemic of an often fatal disease
Golden Age a period of time in Ancient Athens when magnificent temples were built; artist created statues and monuments; and Philosophers extended human knowledge
Socratic Method An approach to teaching developed by the Greek philosopher, Socrates, which involves teaching people to think by asking questions
Created by: Joshua Brown