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Chs. 26, 27, 28

AP World History Review -- Chapters 26-28 -- Traditions and Encounters

The Chinese were hesitant to convert to Christianity because of Christianity’s exclusivity concerning other beliefs such as Daoism and Buddhism
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, patriarchal authority over females became tighter than ever before
The Ottoman institution that provided Balkan slaves for the formation of the Janissaries was the devshirme
Fatehpur Sikri was the capital city that Akbar built.
The term “native learning” relates to indigenous ideas of Japan
Because of protests from moralists, the Ottoman sultan Murad IV banned tobacco and coffee
The term "westernization" is most associated with which czar? Peter the Great
In regard to ruling philosophy and techniques, the Qing followed the same pattern that the Ming had established
What was one of the primary differences between the social organization of the West and Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries? Russia saw a progressive intensification of serfdom while the West was relaxing this institution in favor of other labor systems
For peasants the main inspiration for migrating to Siberia was that serfdom did not extend east of the Urals
Which of the following represents a difference between the origins of the Ottomans and the Safavids? The Safavids represented the Shiʹa strain of Islam.
In the Islamic world, the dhimmi were non-Muslims who received the status of a protected people.
In regards to gender relations, Russian women retained control of their dowries after marriage and thus had a measure of financial independence
The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires all originally came from nomadic, Turkish-speaking tribes.
Akbar’s answer to the religious diversity and tension of India was to create a syncretic religion called the “divine faith” that all could worship.
To pass the civil service examination system it was necessary to excel in the Collection of Books.
In the opinion of Ivan IV, the chief obstacle to imperial centralization were the boyars.
In the Charter of Nobility, Catherine the Great spelled out the rights and obligations of the nobility
China fell behind technologically during the Ming and Qing dynasties because the governments favored political and social stability over technological innovation
One of the results of the peace brought by the Tokugawa period was a reduction in status for the samurai and daimyo
The cossacks were peasants that Ivan III sent into recently conquered lands.
For most of Russian history the main political, religious and cultural influence came from Byzantium
What was the critical feature of Akbarʹs new religion, the Din-i-Ilahi? It attempted to blend elements of the many faiths with which he was familiar as a means of reconciling Hindus and Muslims
Sikhism was a syncretic combination of Hinduism and Islam
In an effort to stabilize China internally, the Ming emperors stressed Chinese traditions from the era before the Mongol Yuan dynasty
Essay Question: In what way did Peter the Great reform the economy and government of Russia through Westernization? --Military: derived from his ambition to make Russia one of Europe's great military powers. --Bureaucratic: overhauled the government bureaucracy to facilitate tax collections --Social: brought change to sex and gender relations
Essay Question: What was the nature of the Ming restoration of traditional Chinese values? What innovations were made?
Essay Question: How did the religious complexion of Mughal India differ from that of the other Islamic empires? What impact did religious diversity have on the Mughals? Akbar pursued a policy of religious toleration that he hoped would reduce tensions between Hindu and Muslim communities in India instead of imposing Islam on his subjects.
Created by: punisher42