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Honors History

QuestionAnswer
Classical Greece Aristotle, Plato, Sparta, Athens
Polis Greek City state
Pericles Democratic, not direct democracy though
Democracy Moved athens in directions- People elect official
Athens Literature (Individualism)
Sparta Military based
Melian Dialogue Wanted Melians to come to Athens- refused- killed all men & enslaved women and children
Peleponesian War Athens v. Sparta
Homer Wrote epic plays, usually humor wasn't always 100% true- made fun of things
Hubris v Nemasis Arrogant/Good fortune v. End of good fortune
Thucydides Historian- Wrote book
Entasis Buldge in collum to make it look straight when looked up at
Socrates=Retoric Critical thinking --> Question Religion--> think of themselves
Aristotle Geocentric (revolves around earth)
Plato the Republic Theory of Forms- I am a tree. I wish to be a tree as well as you are a tree
Alexander the Great Hellenistic-Spread Hellenism Conquered Persia, Egypt, Syria, Mesopatamia, Powerful Army
Hellenic v. Hellenistic Classic Greece v. Greek culture mixed with eastern culture
Epicureanism Hsppiness- goal of life- Self pleasure
Stoicism School of thought developed by the teacher zeno in hellenistic Athens -Innerpeace acheived by living in harmony with the will of God
Senate- Roman republic Overthrew Estruseans Romans established gov.
Tribunes Elected officials- Who represent and help the poor
Latifundia Plantation of which the rich own large etstates with a large amount of political power and a great number of slaves
Patricians v. Plebians Rich ( Usually in Government) v. Poor (do most work & have more taxes w/ no political power) - Farmers, merchants, artison, & traders
Punic Wars 1st- Wants sicily & med sea- Rome Wins 2nd- Carthage wants revenge (Rome wins agian & gets Spain) 3rd- Rome execute men & gains control of Carthage
Hannibal/ Carthage Carthage ruler/ Punic wars and big trade route
Caesar, Agustus Powerful military leader involved in the 1st triumvirate/ grand-Nephew of Caesar(great ruler)
Roman Empire 1st Empire - Octavion
Pax Romana Roman Peace
Fall of Rome Rome is conceeded-false High, unequal taxes Civil Wars
Judaism/ Judea Belief/ God figure
Ethical Monotheism Belief in 1 God/ God is good
Age of Kings Saul - United Tribes David(Jerusalum) Jolomon - Israel height of power
Diaspora Dispermence of Jews from homeland
Early Christianity Not accepted in Rome Threat to Roman Peace
Christian Persecution Killing of Christian
Emperor Constantine's Conversion Emperor (all political) Turned Christian at death bed Salvation
Council Micaea Sotify Church
Arian Heresy God was begotten and Jesus was not and was not always there
Eastern Orthodox/Roman Catholic Christian but with different beliefs
Islam- Mohammed Messenger & preacher of Allah
Muslim Scientific Achievments Achievements Muslim's brought to society I.E- Algebra, Alphabet
Koran Written words of Allah
Mosque/ Spread of Muslim Empire Muslim House of Worship
Edit of Milian Eliminating persecutioin of Christians living under control CONSTANTINE CONVERSION
Germanic Kingdoms/ Pagans 1st connection between Germans and Catholic church Clovis [1st germanic king(Catholic)]
Charlemagne- Franks Emperor of romans Join Rome, German, Christians into one element New roman empire
Emerge of Feudal Society Vassalage( warriors are loyal to lord) in turn for needs Unwritten rules between lords and vassals
Feudalism- Fealty Lords protected loyals Kings -> Barons -> Knights -> Villens
Manorialism- Manor life (self sufficant) Lord- owns land Peasants- farmed land- 60% of population
Pope Urban II Crusades Sins dont matter- if fought in crusades one will go to heaven
Guilds Group of workers- Labor unions
Crusades Fought over Jerusalum 1- win 2-Muslims take over again 3- Childrens 4- Loot Constantinople
Black Plauge Disease causing 1/3 of population to die Growth in cities & labor shortage
Malthusian Deadlock NO ADVANCEMENT Try to survive
Book of hours Prayer for each hour Agricultural Advice
Serfdom Serfs tied to land
Medieval Church Tithe 1/10 of income to church
Medieval Art Peasent life in farms
Cathedral/ Flying Buttress Cross design, tall, bell towers, stain glass windows, gothic, gargoyles, pointed arches
Magna Carta King is not above the law/ is not better than the law
Hundred Year's War France v. England NO CLEAR WIN
Longbow/ Cannon Result of 100 years war No need for knights or castles
Latin Christendom PILLARS (Religous) - CHRISTIAN
Buddhism- Theravada/Mahayana Suffer because of desire
Hinduism- Caste System Existance of single force/ Social Structure Rulers,Priest, Merchants, Traders-Farmers, Peasents, Pariahs[SHUNNED]
Dharma/ Karma Actions/ Consequences which determine status in life
Transmigration Passing of one's soul after death
Shintoism-Kami All things posses a spirit
Daoism Let nature take its course Don't try to be rich/ powerful Shunned politics
Legalism- Han Fei Zi Humans are evil Harsh laws/ Punishments
Confucianism- Filial Piety Naturally good Accept role in life
Zheng he NO ONE IN AND NO ONE OUT MALTHUSEIAN DEADLOCK
Raise the Red Lantern 4 wives- 1 master`
Birth of the Renaissance & Reformation After middle ages Greek/Roman Culture Florrence Italy
Individualism Man has great ability
Humanism Education is important- Secular
Secularism Not religous God comes 2nd
Mediciis & Firenze Florentine family Leaders of Florence/ some popes
Characteristics of the Renaissance Art, Lit
Machiavelli Prince aquire and keep power Italian Philosopher
Eramus Scholar who translated pieces of writing
Italian/ N Reaissance Art Mans perfect Religion
Catholic Corruption Failed to meet church spiritual needs
Luther & Peasent Revolt More freedom Luther starts new religion
Calvin Calvinsim Predestined people
Indulgences Selling salvation
95 theses Martins Complaints
Diet of Worms Martin Luthers trial
Augsburg Catholic v. Luther princes Prince picks religion
Council of Trent Lutheraism is real & will not leave No more corruption
Henry VIII Split England from Catholic church Stops Luther from coming to England
Catholic Reformation Printing press council of trent Luther changes church
Aristotle Geocentric Crystal hold up earth
Scientific Method Observe Hypothesis Predict Conclude Analyze
Deductive Reasoning Tested truth is correct
Inductive Theories through observation and reasoning
Helocentric Sun centered
Copernicus Prove God Aristotle is wrong
Kepler Sun-centered Optical orbit Copernicus is wrong
Galileo kepler is right published it on trial, discovered telescope moon has mountains
Created by: Issalynn