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Med. Term. Review15

Female anatomy and Labor and Delivery

vernix caseosa covers the skin of the newborn. It is thick, white, and cheesy. it protects their skin from amniotic fluid in the uterus.
meconium thick, greenish-black, sticky substance. Contains mucus and bile and skin cells.
lochia small amounts of blood, tissue, and fluid that flows from the endometrium of the uterus 1 week postpartum.
colostrum thick, yellowish fluid (first milk) produced from the breast after deliver of baby.
luteinizing hormone stimulates a single follicle each month to rupture and release its ovum. Ruptured follicle now known as corpus luteum secretes estradiol and progesterone.
progesterone like estradiol, causes the endometrium to thicken.
chromosomes XX female (female always distributes an X to the pair. The male determines the sex of the newborn. He distributes either an X or a Y.
chromosomes XY male
Conception/pregnancy Days 1-4 zygote
Conception/pregnancy After 4 days to 8 weeks embryo
Conception/pregnancy After 8 weeks to birth fetus
Conception/pregnancy After birth infant (newborn)
amnion a membrane sac that produces amniotic fluid. The embryo floats in there.
chorion outer layer of cells that produce human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Later becomes the placenta. Provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo.
Endometrium innermost layer of the uterus. Thickens during the menstrual cycle. If ovum is not fertilized, the lining is shed during menstruation.
follicle stimulating hormone stimulates a follicle in the ovary to enlarge and produce a mature ovum. Secreted by anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates the follicles to produce estradiol.
estradiol secreted by ovaries. Causes development of female sexual characteristics during puberty. (estrogen). Causes endometrium to thicken during menstrual cycle.
Apgar score assigns a score to a newborn at 1-5 minutes after birth. Possible 10 points! -heart rate (2 pts.) -respiratory rate (2 pts.) -muscle tone (2 pts.) -response to stimulation (2 pts.) -skin color (2 pts.)
nulligravida woman who has never been pregnant and is not pregnant currently.
primigravida pregnant for the 1st time.
multigravida pregnant more than once.
fimbriae moving fingerlike projections at the end of the uterine tube
infundibulum funnel-shaped part of the uterine tube. Ovum is carried here and passes through.
broad ligament holds ovaries in place
follicles located in ovaries. They rupture and release ova (eggs) during the menstrual cycle.
areola pigmented area around the nipple.
testosterone a male hormone secreted by cells around the follicle. It plays a role in the female sexual drive.
peritoneum serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity. It secretes peritoneal fluid that fills spaces between the intestines and other organs.
Braxton Hicks contractions False labor. When uterus contracts itself irregularly to strengthen itself in preparation for childbirth.
effacement thinning of cervical wall. Has to be 100% before delivery.
Size of cervix before delivery 10 cm!
rupture of membranes occurs and releases amniotic fluid (water breaks)
involution process of uterus shrinking in size.
Created by: 100001033451881