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Europe/ Middle Ages

Mr. Stickler's class - 6th: Europe in the Middle Ages flash cards

What years cover the Middle Ages? About 500 C.E. to 1500 C.E. (Notes.)
What is another name for the Middle Ages? "Medieval" Ages. (Pg. 106)
What does "medieval" mean? It means "from the Middle Ages". (Pg. 106)
What was the name for the social structure in Europe during this time? "Feudalism." (Pg. 106.)
Who was Charlemagne? King of the Franks who expanded his kingdom who soon expanded his empire by conquering much of Western Europe. (Pg. 107.)
Which group of people gave Charlemagne troubles beginning in the 800's C.E.? The Vikings. These tribes came down from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. (Pg. 107 & 108)
Name 2 places in which the Church had lots of influence. 1. In government, 2. In art. (Notes.)
What is the social structure of Europe under the "feudalism" system: 1. Kings & Queens, 2. Nobles, 3. Knights, 4. Peasants. (Pg. 108)
What is a "manor"? "A large estate that often included a village as well as farmlands inhabited by peasants." (Pg. 108.)
What is a "serf"? People became part of the land. "When a noble was given a manor, it's serfs became his. They couldn't marry or leave the manor without his master's approval. (Pg.110)
What did Kings, Queens, and/ or Nobles agree to do if peasants were about to be attacked? They agreed to protect the peasants with knights and allow them to quickly get inside the castle for protection.
How did Medieval cities & towns begin to grow? People began to trade more. In order to trade, merchants had to live in or near the city to come in contact with the most people. This way they could have more people to sell to. Also, their annual trade fair was held near the city.
Did nobles ever have more land, vassals, and knights than the king? Yes! "It was not unusual", according to your textbook. (Pg. 125)
What is the relationship between the Crusades & the end of feudalism? 1. Nobles sold all their lands to go on Crusade; 2. The king claimed the lands of nobles who died on Crusade. This meant the king had the land, not the wealthy. (Pg. 125 & 126)
In the video "The Crescent & the Crusade," what was the site of the first battle of the 1st Crusade. Who was pope when this Crusade left Europe? The site of the first battle was Dorylaeum. Pope Urban II was the pope when the 1st Crusade started. (Pg. 117 & video.)
Which person said this, "You common people who have been miserable sinners, become soldiers of Christ! You Nobles, do no (quarrel with on another. Use your arms in a just war! Labor for ever lasting reward." Pope Urban II during his sermon at Clermont; November 18, 1095. (Pg. 117)
What were the first two battles with the Muslims the Crusaders participated in? Dorylaeum & Antioch. (Video.)
What powerful Muslim leader retook Jerusalem in 1187? Saladin. (Pg. 120)
According to the video we watched, who did rich people bring with them on Crusade? Their entire household! They brought their wives, servants, friends, and other family members. (Video worksheet.)
According to the video we watched, what group of people did the Crusaders attack first? They first attacked the Jews. (Video worksheet.)
During the Seige of Antioch of the First Crusade, how did the Crusaders, after 8 months of negotiations, finally get inside Antioch? A Muslim living in Antioch let them in! It was a massive betrayal! (Video worksheet.)
During the First Crusade, what was the "secret weapon" we saw used at Dorylaeum? "Malkea," archers who used special foot bows to fire from long distance. (Video worksheet.)
What happened when Crusaders on the First Crusade reached the gates of Constantinople? Why was this odd? The Byzantine emperor, Alexius I, wouldn't let them in! This was odd because he was the one who had asked for their help! (Video worksheet.)
Our primary source reading was from "The Adventures of King Arthur & His Knights." In the story, what does Arthur get at the end of the excerpt in our books? He gets Excalibur, a special sword, and its scabbard. (Pg. 135.)
What does "fealty" mean? "Loyalty to a feudal lord." (Pg. 133.)
What can stories like "Of Swords and Sorcery" tell us about European feudalism? They can give us clues to what life was like during the time. for example, the "King Arthur" story gives us clues to what feudalism was like. The knights in the story (page 133) give a clue about medieval tournaments.
Which of the 10 Commandments did Pope Urban II give the Crusaders permission to break in his sermon? The 6th Commandment (Thou shalt not kill.) (From "The Crescent and the Cross" video.)
What is a "vassal"? "A man who promised to be loyal to a lord (landowner)." (Pg. 108)
What was responsible for spreading the Black Plague in medieval Europe? The Oriental Rat Flea. (PowerPoint notes.)
What were some of the symptoms of the Black Plague? Bruising of the skin where the flea bit the person; dizziness (called "vertigo"); inability to sleep ("insomnia"); fever; slurred speech; and lymph node pain. (PowerPoint notes.)
How did feudalism develop in Europe? When the Western Roman Empire fell to the Germanic tribes, there was a lack of a central government. Landowners became powerful. The poorer peoples (like farmers) looked to them for help. (Pg. 106 - 108.)
How did the Black Plague spread to areas in Russia, Britain, and Greece? Rats that were infested with the Oriental Rat Fleas spread throughout Europe on trade ships. (PowerPoint notes.)
What fraction of the European population died of the Black Plague? 1/3 of the population of Europe died from the Plague. (PowerPoint notes.)
Created by: sticklerpjpII