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(AMS) Greek Vocab

6th Grade World History The Greek World

QuestionAnswer
Cyrus the Great 585 BC - 529 BC won independence for Persia and conquered the Medes. Marked the beginning of the Persian Empire. He ruled the largest empire the world had ever seen. Allowed conquered people to keep their own customs.
cavalry a unit of soldiers who ride horses. Cyrus used a cavalry to charge the enemy.
Darius worked to restore control in Persia by dividing it into 20 provinces; built roads
Persian Wars a series of wars between Persia and Greece.
Xerxes I Darius' son; tried to conquer Greece
alliance agreement to work together
Peloponnesian War war between Athens and Spart that threatened to tear all Greece apart.
polis Greek word for a city-state
classical an age that is marked by great achievements
acropolis high hill
democracy a type of government in which people rule themselves
aristocrats rich landowners
oligarchy a government in which only a few people have power
citizens people who had the right to participate in government
tyrant a leader who held power through the use of force
Pericles brillant elected leader; Athens reached its height under this man; encouraged the spread of democracy
mythology a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works.
Homer Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Sappho most famous woman poet who wrote lyric poems about love and relationships with her friends and family
Aesop famous for his fables
fables short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live
Minoans from the island of Crete; among the best shipbuilders of their time
Mycenaeans first to speak Greek; build fortresses; often attacked other kingdoms
Athens Greek city where democracy was born
phalanx a group of warriors who stood close together in a square
Hellenistic Greek-like; not completely Greek
Socrates great Greek thinker; believed people must never stop looking for knowledge; taught by asking questions.
Plato teacher and philosopher; student of Socrates; created a school where students discussed ideas
Aristotle greatest Greek thinker; Plato's student; believed in moderation; moderation was based on reason - clear and ordered thinking
Euclid world's greatest mathematicians; best known for geometry
Hippocrates greatest Greek doctor; better known today for his ideas about how doctores should behave.
Philip II Macedonian king, he was a brilliant military leader who defeated the Greeks. Alexander the Great was his son
Created by: creech5