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The Respiratory Organ System includes epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissues
The Respiratory Organ System is innervated by sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic nervous systems
Functions of the Upper Respiratory System include filtration, immunity, inflammation, humidification and temperature control
The "nares" refers to the two openings of the nose
The hyoid bone is located near the epiglottis
The epiglottis, when it closes, folds down in which direction? posterior or doral
The upper portion of the lower respiratory tract is responsible for speech and coughing
The lower portion of the lower respiratory tract performs the following functions: micro-filtration, immunity and inflamation
The part(s) of the respiratory system involved directly in exchange of gas from blood to air called the alveola(e)
A small pulmonary vessel that is carrying high levels of CO2 and low levels of O2 is called a pulmonary arteriole
The four large pulmonary vessels that is involved in returning oxygenated blood to the heart are called the pulmonary veins
Breathing faster causes respiratory alkalosis
Breathing slower causes respiratory acidosis
The auscultatory "pulmonic area" is located lateral to the superior portion of the sternum
The auscultatory "tricuspid valve" is located lateral to the inferior portion of thesternum
The auscultatory "mitral (bicuspid) valve" is commonly located at the point of maximum intensity (PMI), often just inferior to the nipple and near the vertical mid-clavicular line
Pulling up the ribs and pulling down the diaphragm causes one to breathe in
The heart consists of two pumps (one for the pulmonary system and one for the rest of the body)
The smallest vessels in the body are called capillaries
The great vessels returning systemic blood to the heart are called the superior and inferior vena cavae
Oxygenated blood returning from the lungs is directed into what chamber of the heart? left auricle (atrium)
Unoxygenate blood being sent from the right auricle (atrium) to the right ventricle passes through which heart valve? tricuspid valve
Blood passing through the pulmonary valves is oxygenated or deoxygenated? deoxygenated
Blood pssing through the bicuspid or mitral valve is oxygenated or deoxygenated? oxygenated
A "normal" heart sound consists of two major sounds called S1 and S2
An EKG shows conduction within the heart
The two conductive "nodes" within heart muscle are called the sino-atrial and atrio-ventricular nodes
T-, T-Helper, B- and NK cells are all immune cells
A cytotoxic immune cell is probably a T-cell
HIV destroys primarily the T-Helper cells
Immunoglobulins are produced mainly by B- (or plasma) cells
An immunological cell that seeks out and destroys abnormal "self" cells is called a/an NK-cell
The lymphatic system dumps into the blood vessels via the Thorascic duct
Specific immunity involves two "responses," namely cellular and humoral
The "First Line of Defense" in inflammation and immune defense is the skin and mucous membranes
"Second Line Barriers" to infection include complement, interferon and inflammation
Humoral cell response refers to the antibody response
Created by: drjanik



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