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Ancient India

Himalayas largest mountains in world in North Eastern India
Ganges main river system in India or South Asia
South Asia another word for India in old times
Indo-Gangetic Plain name of rich settled lands around the Ganges river system
Deccan Plateau largest plateau in India
Indus river in South Asia where first civ was located
Pakistan name of modern country that Indus River flows though today
monsoon seasonal winds that bring over 60% of all annual water needs in summer
Indian Ocean below India
Khyber Pass opening in Hindu Kush mts North West of India
Hindu Kush name of mountains that have Khyber Pass into India
Indus River Valley first settled area of South Asia (India)
Harappan name of first civilization in India
Mohenjo-Daro another city in Harappan civ of ancient India
Harappa name of big city in Indus River Valley civilization
urban planning Harappans had gridded streets and patterns to their citys which showed they were deliberatly designed or planned
granary building used by ancient gov't to store grain for famine
citadel fortress of Harappans
sanskrit oldest writing form in world in India
urban means city
Aryans light invaders into India conquered original people
Dravidians original or native people of India
raja local prince or king
caste system social order of 4 groups in India
Brahmin top of caste-priests, teachers
Kshatriyas warriors or gov't officials
Vaisyas commoners, farmers, merchants
Sudras day laborers or workers
Untouchables below all, people considered unclean due to jobs like handling dead, garbarge, sweep streets
guru wise teacher of Hinduism
sati widow must die when husband does
cremation burn dead bodies to release the soul to next life
saddus holy Hindu men
dowry price or gift given by bride's family to groom
arranged marriage family picks who you marry
patriarchal males dominant in society
joint family means extended family or more than 1 generation living under same roof
Hinduism oldest relgion in world
polytheism belief in many deities
Brahman creator of life, all gods are a form of him
dharma one's duty to follow rules of religion and caste to get better next life
karma extra good or bad you do in this life will affect your next life
reincarnation belief that one has many many lives--one's soul is reborn into many life forms
cow sacred to Hindu religion
yoga form of meditation to lead one to God--4 kinds, path of knowledge, love, work, and meditation
moksha end of all lives, no more reincarnation, one with Brahman
Vishnu preserver
Siva the destroyer
temple place of worship for Hindus
Hindu believer of Hinduism
Vedas oldest religious writings in world --Hindu stuff written into palm leaves
Siddhartha Gautama founder of Buddhism goal was to teach others how to be happy
Buddha means enlightened one or smarter one
6 bce Buddhism founded by Siddhartha
Four Noble Truths main ideas Buddhism is based upon--all life full of pain, we can ease pain by following 8 rules
Eightfold Path list of 8 rules to live by to be a better Buddhist and gain wisdom-know 4 truths, decide what we want, speak truth and well, no killing lying, stealing, etc..meditate...
mediation technique to gain control and wisdom-form of searching for peace
stupas stone towers housing relics of Buddha
relic body parts, or items worn or used by someone deemed sacred
Mauryan Dynasty first original India empire
dynasty rulers in a family--king inherits job
province organized part of an empire with king appointed governor
Asoka greatest king of ancient India-devoted to people after conquests
kalinga battle that changed Asoka's life
Buddhism philosophy begun by Siddhartha
edicts official gov't messages
Gupta Empire golden age of Indian culture and invention
Mahabharata longest poem in world, 90,000 stanzas about warring cousins and moral dilemmas and gods
epic long long poem with heroes
plastic surgery perfomed in Gupta India on injured warriors
suggical tools over 100 iinvented by Guptas
Aryabhata brilliant mathematician and scientist--Pi and decimal systems and concept of 0
Ramayana another poem about Rama--hero king and his wife--good over evil
Kalidasa great romantic poet--earlier form of our Shakespeare-brilliant skill with language
Ajanta amazing 28 caves filled with Buddhist art done in 17 years
Created by: corides