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AP Human Geo Unit 7

AP Human Geography Human environment and globalization

assembly line production A process in which finished products are turned out in a mechanically efficient, though impersonal, manner
Core periphery model Higher wages and prices are found at the core while the lack of employment in the periphery keeps wages low there. The result may well be a balance of payments crisis at the periphery
footloose industry is a general term for an industry that can be placed and located at any location without effect from factors such as resources
Dependency Theory a strucuralist theory that offers a critique of the modernization model of development. political and economic relations between countries have controlled and limit the extent to which regions can develop
Development a strucuralist theory that offers a critique of the modernization model of development. political and economic relations between countries have controlled and limit the extent to which regions can develop
Energy Consumption The use of energy as a source of heat or power or as a raw material input to a manufacturing process
Foreign direct investment investing in United States businesses by foreign citizens (often involves stock ownership of the business)
Gender the wide set of characteristics that are seen to distinguish between male and female entities, extending from one's biological sex to, in humans, one's social role
Gross domestic product The total value of all goods and services produced within a country during a given year
Gross national product total value of all goods and services produced by a country's economy in a given year. It includes all goods and services produced by corporations and individuals.
Human Development Index an indicator of the level of development for each country, constructed by the UN combing incme literacy educatio and life expectancy
Levels of development per capita levels of income, the structure of the economy, and various social indicators are typically used as measures for determining whether countries are developing or developed.
deglomeration The movement of activity, usually industry, away from areas of concentration.
Neocolonialism The entrenchment of the colonial order, such as trade and investment under a new guise.
Physical Quality of Life Index is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country
Purchasing power parity The theory that, in the long run, identical products and services in different countries should cost the same in different countries Read more:
Rostow, W.W. He wrote in defense of free enterprise economics, particularly in developing nations. famous especially for writing the book The Stages of Economic Growth: A non-communist manifesto which became a classic text in several fields of social sciences
Stages of Growth model is a theoretical model for the growth of information technology (IT) in a business or similar organization
Technology Gap The presence in a country of a technology that other countries do not have, so that it can produce and export a good whose cost might otherwise be higher than abroad
Technology transfer The sharing of technological information through education and training; The use of a concept or product from one technology to solve a problem in an unrelated one
Third world underdeveloped and developing countries of Asia and Africa and Latin America collectively
World Systems Theory is a view of the recent five centuries of world history, historical and current applications of some, but by no means all, tenets of Marxism as well as ideas by a range of theorists from Adam Smith to Max Weber, to studying international relations
Acid Rain rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water
Agglomeration a process involoving the clustering or concentrating of people that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled labor pools and tech and finacial amenities
Agglomeration economies savings which arise from the concentration of industries in urban areas and their location close to linked activities. A car factory attracts component suppliers to locate close by, saving on transport costs
Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damages the natural environment, into the atmosphere
Auluminum industry aluminum business: manufacturers of aluminum considered as a group
Fordism various social theories about production and related socio-economic phenomena. It has varying but related meanings in different fields, as well as for Marxist and non-Marxist scholars
Bid rent theory is a geographical economic theory that refers to how the price and demand for real estate changes as the distance from the Central Business District (CBD) decreases
Break of bulk point The point at which a cargo is unloaded and broken up into smaller units prior to delivery, minimizing transport costs
Bulk (weight) gaining industry An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a larger volume than the inputs
Bulk (weight) reducing industry An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs
cottage industry A usually small-scale industry carried on at home by family members using their own equipment.
cummulative Causation The unfolding of events connected with a change in the economy.
growth pole A point of economic growth. Poles are usually urban locations, benefiting from agglomeration economies, and should interact with surrounding areas spreading prosperity from the core to the periphery
Just in Time production When parts are delivered just before they are needed in the process of producing something
market orientation Industry places itself near customer due to high financial cost of the product.
technopole A global, rather than local, growth pole
Threshold is the minimum number of people necessary before a particular good or service can be provided in an area.
Range The distance that interested consumers, on average, will travel to obtain a given good or service
weight gaining industry an industry that manufactures a large-sized product from small-sized raw materials
weight losing industry an industry that manufactures a small-sized product from large-sized raw materials
substitution principle is focused on the substitution of a product, service or process to another that is more efficient or beneficial
Created by: kimdudek
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