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AP Human Geo Unit 4
Political Organization of Space
|Legally adding land area to a city in the United States
|is governed by a system known as the Antarctic Treaty System is administered through annual meetings
|Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
|A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it is inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
|the complex representation of the environment around state boundaries
|when two or more states disagree about the demarcation of a political boundary
|Also called Genetic Political Boundaries because it has to do with the evolution of boundaries.
|an independent but small and weak country that lying between two powerful countries.
|associated with its government, it physically encompasses the offices and meeting places of the seat of government and fixed by law.
|Forces that tend to divide a country - such as internal religious, linguistic, ethnic, or ideological differences.
|Forces that tend to unify a country-such as widespread commitment to a national culture, shared ideological objectives,and a common faith
|A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
|An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political economic and cultural principles in another territory.
|a uniting or being united in a league or alliance; a league or alliance; specif., independent nations or states joined in a league or confederacy
|conference of Berlin (1884)
|of 1884-85 regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power
|spatial structure of an economic system in which underdeveloped or declining peripheral areas are defined with respect to their dependence on a dominating developed core region.
|the action of changing from colonial to independent status
|The transfer of certain powers from the state central government to separate political subdivisions within the statee's territory.
|the political theory that if one nation comes under communist control then neighboring nations will also come under communist control
|Exclusive Economic Zone
|as established in the United Nations Convention on the law of the Sea, a zone of exploitatin extending 200 nautical miles seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it.
|the different voting districts that make up local, state, and national regions.
|a small bit of foreign territory within a state but not under it's jurisdiction.
|a portion of a state that is separated from the main territory and surrounded by another country.
|an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
|A political territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have common interrests defense, foreign affairs and yet allows these various entities to retain their own identities, laws
|is the area of a country, province, region, or state, regarded as enjoying primary status; although there are exceptions,
|a zone separating two states in which neither state exercises poliitical control.
|the influence of the habitat on political entities
|The drawing of electoral district boundaries in an awkward pattern to enhance the voting impact of one constituency at the expense of another.
|is that which no one person or state may own or control and which is central to life
|The interior of a sizable landmass, removed from maritime connections in particular the interior of the Eurasian continent.
|the maritime fringe of a country or continent in particular the western southern and eastern edges of the Eurasian continent
|an international alliance involving many different countries
|ideological and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War
|the policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linquistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
|a state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
|Law of the Sea
|A comprehensive 1982 convention which attempts to create a regime for the oceans
|Mackinder, Halford J.
|English geographer and is considered one of the founding fathers of both geopolitics and geostrategy.
|was the 19th century American belief that the United States was destined to expand across the North American continent, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean.
|is an approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the mid-point between two places
|a state that encompasses a very small land area
|a culturally distinctive group of people occupying a specific territory and bound together by a sense of unity arising from shared ethnicity, belief and customs
|Branch of knowledge dealing with representations of people or objects in art and design, hence the symbolism in a design
|member of modern state system possessing fromal sovereignty and with people possessing bonds of shared cultural attributes
|newest federal territory of Canada; it was separated officially from the Northwest Territories
|The claimed reason for the existence of something or someone; the sole or ultimate purpose of something or someone
|Process by which representative districts are switched according to populatin shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people
|political geography group frequently ethnic group identification with a particular region of a state rather thatn with the state as a whole.
|the act of coming together again
|a small weak country dominated by one powerful neighbor to the extent that some or much of its independence is lost
|a centralized authority that enforces a single political economic and legal system within its territorial boundaries
|Stateless ethnic groups
|ethnic groups that share certain cultural, political, and/or historic qualities, such as religion, location, or art, but do not share enough qualities to be recognized as a nationality/nation
|group that does not have a state
|the civil right to vote
|is a method of decision-making in multi-national political communities, wherein power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of member states
|is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states
|an impact on the ability of ruling governments to impose law and policy on state territory
|A behavior pattern in animals consisting of the occupation and defense of a territory
|is a form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the state's supreme civil ruler
|given to the port cities that were opened to foreign trade by the Unequal Treaties.
|also called the Law of the Sea Convention
|is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate
|freedom from political subjugation or servitude