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gastrointestinal

review for gastro final

QuestionAnswer
Two divisions of the digestive system ALIMENTARY TUBE & ACCESSORY ORGANS
Digestion takes place in almentary tube in 3 areas oral cavity, stomach, small intestines
Physical breaking up of food into smaller pieces Mechanical digestion
Breaking large molecules into small molecules Chemical digestion
the hard suerface of your tooth is made of Enamel
the tooth is anchored into the socket of the jaw by Root
a part of the structure in the jaw helps cement the tooth in place Periodontal Membrane
the esophagus takes food from Pharynx to Stomach
at the junction of esophagus and stomach is a circular muscle that prevents the food from backing up Lower esophageal sphincter or cardiac sphincter
the function of gastric RUGAE allows the stomach to stretch to hold more contents without damage to the stomach
mucus secretions Mucous Cells
secrete pepsinogen Chief Cells
secrete hydrochloric acid Parietal Cells
Gastric Juice secretions G Cells
the digestive function of the liver is the production of--------- which contains salt and imulsified fat BILE
THE SMALL INTESTINES ARE MADE OF 3 SECTIONS IN CORRECT ORDER duodenum -- jejunum --ileun
the small valve between the ileum of the small intestines and the first part of the large intestines called the cecum called the ILEOCECAL VALVE
the digestive part of the liver leaves the liver thru the HEPATIC DUCT
The HEPATIC DUCT joins the duct that comes from the gallbaldder called the CYSTIC DUCT
together the HEPATIC DUCT AND THE CYSTIC DUCT form the COMMON BILE DUCT
What exzymes produced in the pancreas aids in digestion of all 3 types comples food molecules ACINI
What are the functions of the large intestines besides the passage of food ABSORPTION OF WATER, MINERALS AND VITAMINES
What is described as microvilli in the small intestines BRUSH BORDERS
One way contractions moving food through the system PARISTALSIS
no peristalsis in the small intestines PARALYTIC ILEUS
yellowing of the body because it is retaining bile JAUNDICE
surgery to have your gallbaldder removed is CHOLESTECTOMY
3 common endoscopic procedures that are used to view the various GI systems COLONOSCOPY, SIGMOIDOSCOPY, LAPAROSCOPY, GASTROSCOPY, PROCTOSCOPY
inflammation and swelling of the gums GINGIVITIS
patient cannot tolerate Gluten CELIAC DISEASE
is cirrhosis of the liver HOBNAIL LIVER
the small intestine fail to absorb nutrients because there is not enough surface area for absorption SHORT BOWEL SYNDROME
phychological disorder with self imposed starvation ANEXORIA NERVOSA
behavior disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating and the self induced vomiting or putging BULIMIA
the 4th leading cause of cancer death in the United States PANCTRETIC CANCER
cold sore HERPES SIMPLEX
regurtation of stomach and duodenal contents into the esophagus GERD
fungus infection of the mouth THRUSH
the stomach protrudes up thru the diaphragm HEITEAL HERNIA
chronic inflammation of all the layers of the bowel wall CROHN DISEASE
mucosa ulceration of the bowel ULCERATIVE COLITIS
the bowel telescopes into itself INTUSSUSCEPTION
the bowel twists upon itself VOLVULUS
forming pouches in the mucosa lining DIVERTICULOSIS
Created by: craftygrmy