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3 - Egypt

(Willis) 3 Egypt

Giving confidence by guaranteeing something. Assuring
To stop something or to bring an end to it. Cease
To come forth into being or into view, as if from concealment or obscurity. Emerge
To concentrate or pay close attention to. Focus
Continuance without change or disruption. Stability
A rich & powerful ancient kingdom in Northeast Africa that was centered around the Nile river & very well protected by its natural barriers. Egypt
A record keeper or copier of documents who often worked as a high ranking government official. Scribe
The world's longest river which flows north from the heart of Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. Its gentle & dependable flooding provided rich farmland & made it the center of the Egyptian World. Nile River
The world’s largest desert, stretching 3,000 miles across North Africa. It provided a natural barrier for Egypt that helped protect it from invasion. Sahara Desert
The King of Upper Egypt who was also known as Menes. He united Upper & Lower Egypt around 3100 B.C., officially beginning Egyptian History & creating the first Egyptian dynasty. Narmer
The region below the cataracts in the south of Egypt that was very rich in gold. Nubia
The process of uniting or combining two or more lands into one kingdom. Unification
Steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in the Nile river that protected Egypt from invasion in the South. Cataract
An area of fertile soil at the mouths of a river. Delta
The reed plants of the Nile valley that were used to make a form of paper, which is also called by the same name. Papyrus
The system of writing made up of thousands of pictures symbols developed by the ancient Egyptians. Hieroglyphics
A line of rulers from the same family. Dynasty
Site in northern Egypt on the Western bank of the Nile river where the Great Pyramids & the Sphinx are located. Giza
Pharaoh of ancient Egypt who built the Great Pyramid at Giza, the largest structure in the world (until modern times). King Khufu
An all-powerful king in ancient Egypt that was considered to be descended from the Sun god Re. His word was the law. Pharaoh
A god or goddess. Deity
A process developed by the ancient Egyptians for preserving a person’s body after death. It was mainly developed to preserve the Pharaoh’s body so that he could make it to the afterlife. Embalming
A body that has been embalmed and wrapped in linen. Mummy
A huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb & to protect the pharaoh’s body so that he could make it to the afterlife. Pyramid
A collection of ancient Egyptian papyrus books, each containing prayers, hymns, incantations, and formulas for the behavior of the souls of the dead. It was kind of like a traveler’s guide for getting to the underworld. Book of the Dead
The New Kingdom Pharaohs made this city their capital when they came to power, moving it south from the old capital city of Memphis. Thebes
Western Asian people who conquered Egypt & destroyed the Middle Kingdom with Iron weapons & horse-drawn chariots. Hyksos
An Egyptian prince who led an uprising that drove the Hyksos out of Egypt around 1550 B.C., restoring an Egyptian Dynasty & beginning the period known as the New Kingdom. Ahmose
The first woman to become Pharaoh & rule Egypt in her own right. She was known for her peaceful reign, during which she expanded Egypt's economy through trade & rebuilt many of Egypt's great temples. Hatshepsut
Nephew of Hatshepsut. As Pharaoh, He led many aggressive wars & expanded Egypt's borders from Mesopotamia in the North to Nubia in the South, making Egypt larger & richer than ever before. Thutmose III
Originally known as Amenhotep IV, he changed his name to honor the god Aton. He declared that there was only one god, destabilizing Egypt in the process & nearly destroying it by neglecting his duties. Akhenaton
The son-in-law of Akhenaton who inherited the throne at age 10. He died at age 19, but in 1922, Howard Carter found his un-robbed tomb containing his mummy & incredible treasures, making him famous. Tutankhamen
One of Egypt's greatest Pharaohs who reigned for 66 years. He expanded Egypt's borders to their largest extent & started a massive building program for monuments & temples, including Abu Simbel. Ramses II
Payment made by one group or nation to another to show obedience or to obtain peace or protection. Tribute
Material burned for its pleasant smell. Incense
Place where many pharaohs were buried in tombs cut into the cliffs or dug underground. Valley of the Kings
Created by: chadmw