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AP Human Geo Ch 2

Intro to Human Geo The Cultural Landscape James M. Rubenstein

Agricultural Density ratio of farmers to total amount of land suitable for agriculture:)
Agricultural Revolution time when humans first domesticated plants & animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting & gathering
Arithmetic Density total number of people divided by total amount of land
Census a complete enumeration of a population
Crude Birth Rate total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society
Crude Death Rate total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society
Demographic Transition process of change in a society’s population from a condition of hi CBR/CDR and lo NIR to a condition of lo CBR/CDR, low NIR, & a higher total population
Demography scientific study of population characteristics
Dependency Ratio number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to number of people active in the labor force
Doubling Time number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
Epidemiologic Transition distinctive causes of death in each stage of demographic transition
Epidemiology branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that affect large numbers of people
Ecumene portion of Earth’s surface occupied by permanent human settlement
Industrial Revolution series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
Infant Mortality Rate total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year for every 1,000 live births in a society
Life Expectancy average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, & medical conditions
Medical Revolution med tech invented in Europe & North America that diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, & Africa; improved med practices have elim. many of the trad. causes of death in poor countries & more people live longer healthy lives
Natural Increase Rate the percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate
Overpopulation number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living
Pandemic disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affect a very high proportion of the population
Physiological Density number of people per unit of area of arable land, land suitable for agriculture
Population Pyramid bar graph representing the distribution of population by age & sex
Sex ratio number of males per 100 females in the population
Total Fertility Rate average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years
Zero Population Growth a decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero:)
Haley ROCKS! True or False?
Created by: mary1234567890
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