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6th Grade SFDS Unit 1 Lessons 7 and 8 Indus River Valley

Key ItemDefinition
Monsoon Seasonal winds
Diety Gods and goddesses
reincarnation The belief that the soul will be reborn into a new body when a person dies.
artisan Skilled worker, farmers, or merchant.
caste A social group into which a person is born.
Indus and Ganges River The two rivers in India that created the first civilization and the area of the greatest empires. Overflow with silt to create rich farmland.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro The two main cities of the Indus River Valley. Harappa gives the civilization its name, the Harappaan Civilization.
Hinduism One of the world's oldest religion. Believed in many gods, reincarnation, karma, and thought cows were sacred animals. Because a person needs to achieve a newer and better life form after death, the strict caste system is created.
The Vedas "Books of Knowledge." Contain the hymns and prayers praising the dieties. Sacred texts of the Hindus. Written in sanskrit
Sanskirt The holy language of the Hindus. Is what the Vedas are written in.
Silt Fine bits of rocks and minerals that are deposited on the ground like fertilizer when the river overflows.
Raja An Indian prince.
Export A trade good that is sent out of the country.
Import A trade good that is brought into the country.
Epic A long poem that tells about the life of a hero.
Chandragupta Maurya Created the first Indian empire around the Ganges River.
Asoka Chandragupta Maurya's grandson who converted to Buddhism after seeing the horrors of war. Brought India into its longest periods of peace and prosperity.
Siddhartha Guatama Born a prince to a wealthy family. When he finally went outside the palace as a grown man, he saw suffering for the first time. It was then he meditated and realized that suffering comes from our wants and desires. Then he became the Buddha.
Buddha The Enlightened One. Is was Siddhartha Guatama was called after he suddenly understod suffering.
4 Noble Truths 1. Life is full of suffering. 2. People suffer because of their wants and needs. 3. The way to end suffering is to stop desiring things. 4. The way to stop one's desires is to follow the eightfold path.
The Eightfold Path 1. Know and understand the 4 Noble Truths. 2. Give up worldly things, and don't harm others. 3. Tell the truth, don't gossip, and don't speak badly of others. 4. Don't commit evil acts, like killing, stealing, or living an unclean life. Continued
The Eightfold Path Continued 5. Do rewarding work that does not involve harming any living thing. 6. Work for good and oppose evil. 7. Control your thoughts and feelings. 8. Practice meditation as a way of understanding reality.
Samudragupta Became emperor of the Gupta empire. Expanded the territory to include more kingdoms. Allowed the defeated rulers to remain in power, but each had to pay tribute, or sort of yearly tax.
Chandragupta II Created a prosperous empire through the exportation of salt, cotton, and spices. They imported silk, pottery, copper, and glasswear. A time when people focused on art and learning.
Indian Literature Two Epics: Mahabharata and Ramayana. Ramayana is still performed today.
Indian Mathematics Developed the decimal system, devised numerals 1-9 and the concept of 0. And they used algorithms.
Indian astronomy and science Discovered that the sun is the center of the solar system. And understood the concept of gravity.
Jainism Founded around 600 BC. Teaches ahimsa, which is nonviolence toward humans and all other living things. Will be used by Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.
Created by: Mrs. Hastings