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A & P 0123

Anatomy and Physiology

Onco Tumor
Patho Disease
Cyto Cell
Sarco Flesh
Gyneco Woman
Phlebo Veins
Adeno Gland
Meno Menses
Angio Vessel
Gastro Stomach
Myo Muscle
Laparo Abdomen
Oophoro Ovary
Necro Death
Orchido Testis
Cephalo Head
Dento Teeth
Dermo/Dermat Skin
Uro Urine
Electro Electricy
Salpingo Uterine Tubes
Bio Life
Neuro Nerve
Chrono Time
Procto Rectum
Carcino Cancer
Psycho Mind
Osteo Bone
Encephalo Brain
Cerebro Cerebellum
Gnoso Knowledge
Pneumo/Pulmo Lungs
Hepato Liver
Arthro Joint
Cardio Heart
Radio X-ray
Cyan/o Blue
Stomato Mouth
Oto Ear
Masto/Mammo Breast
Melan/o Black
Thrombo Clotting
Chemo Drug/Chemical
Colo Large Intestine
Entero Intestinal
Glosso/Linguo Tongue
Ophthamo Eye
Erythro Red
Hemo/Hemat Blood
Cryo Cold
Leuk/o White
Nephro/Reno Kidney
Arterio Artery
Rhino Nose
Cysto Bladder
Gingiv Gums
Hystero/Metri Uterus
porosis Passage
prandial Meal
ptosis dropping/prolapse
salpinx Fallopian Tube
lytic Destroy/Reduce
crine Secrete/Separate
sarcoma Malignant Tumor
malacia Softening
schlerosis Hardening
mania Madness/Insane Desire
gen Substance/Agent that produces or causes
megaly Enlargment
scope Instrument for visual examination
gram Record/X-ray film
cyte cell
phonia Sound/Voice
graph Instrument used to record
graphy Process of recording/xray filming
desis Surgical fixation/Fusion
pepsia digestion
pexy Suspension/Surgical fixation
scopy/scopic visual examination
ia condition of diseased/abnormal state
ism State of
phoria Feeling
physis Growth
What is the boundary of a cell? Plasma Membrane
What is the structure of the plasma membrane? Phospholipid bilayer studded with proteins
What is the cell's "protein factory?" Ribosomes
What is are ribosomes made of? Tiny particles each made up of rRNA subunits
What does RNA stand for? Ribonucleic Acid
What is the Endoplasmic Reticulum? Membranous network of interconnected canals and sacs.
What is smooth ER's purpose? To synthesize lipids
What is rough ER's purpose? To synthesize proteins from the ribosomes.
What is the purpose of the Golgi apparatus? Process and package substances from the ER
What is the purpose of Mitochondria? Cell's Power House
What is the purpose of Lysosomes? Cell's Digestive System
What is the purpose of centrioles? Function in the cell's reproduction
What is the purpose of cilia? Move substances over the surface of the cell
What is the purpose of flagella? Tail assistant in movement of the cell (Sperm Cell)
What is the purpose of the nucleus? Dictates protein synthesis, plays essential roll in cell's activities. (Active transport, metabolism, growth, heredity)
What is the purpose of the nucleoli? Essential for the formation of ribosomes
What is cytoplasm? the internal living material of cells
How many phases of cell division? Four(Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase)
What is a gene? Specific segment of base pairs in a chromosome
What is the differance between Active and Passive transport? Active uses energy whereas passive does not
What are three examples of passive transport? Diffusion, Osmosis, Filtration
What are three examples of active transport? Ion pump, Phagocytosis, Pinocytosis
What is transcription? DNA unwinds and forms a messenger RNA
What is translation? Synthesis of a protein by ribosomes. Using the information from the mRNA to direct the sequence of the Amino Acids
What are the four main kinds of tissue? Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
What are the four cell shapes? Squamous(flat/scale like), Cuboidal(cube shaped), Columnar(higher than wide), Transitional(varying shapes/can stretch)
What are the two arrangements of cells? Simple(single layer), and Stratified(many layers)
What is the most abundant tissue in the body? Connective tissue
What is epithelial tissue? tissues that covers the body and many of its parts.
What is connective tissue? delicate, paper-thin webs that hold internal organs together and give them shape
What is the matrix? intercellular material
What is the three kinds of muscle tissue? Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
What is the purpose of nervous tissue? to provide rapid communication between body structures and control of body functions
What are the two types of cells in nervous tissue? Neurons(conducting units), and Glia(supporting cells)
What is a hereditary disease? Transmitted genetically from parents to child
What is a congenital disease? disease that appears at birth or shortly after. Result of a failure in the fetal development.
What is a inflammatory disease? the body reacts with a inflammatory response to a causative agent.
What is a degenerative disease? degeneration, often progressive of some part of the body.
What is a infectious disease? result from the invasion of microorganisms into the body.
What is a defciency disease? result from the lack of a specific nutrient.
What is a metabolic disease? caused by a dysfunction that results in a loss of metabolic control of homeostasis in the body.
What is a neoplastic disease? abnormal growth of new tissues can be benign or malignant.
What is a traumatic disease? result of both physical and emotional trauma.
What is a disease? a pathologic condition of the body, is any disturbance of a structure or function of the body.
What is an enviromental disease? a group of conditions that develop from exposure to a harmful substance in the enviroment
What is remission? partial or complete disappearance of clinical and subjective characteristics of the disease.
What is an organic disease? structural change in an organ that interferes with its functioning.
What is asthenia? condition of debility, loss of strength and energy.
What is orthopnea? condition in which a patient has to sit or stand to breathe comfortably
What is fetid? foul, putrid, offensive smell
What are the four physical assessment techniques? Inspection, Palpation, Auscultation, Percussion
What is delirium? confusion, disordered perception, and decreased attention span.
What is syncope? temporary loss of consciousness (fainting)
What is fungue state? dysfunction of consciousness (hours or days) in which the individual carries on purposeful activity that he/she does not remember.
What are the three parts to the Glasgow coma scale? Eye opening, verbal response, motor response
What is turgor? the elasticity of the skin
What is bruits? abnormal swishing sounds heard over organs
What is a microorganism? any microscopic entity capable of carrying on living process
What is asepsis? the absence of pathogenic microorganisms
What is medical asepsis? techniques that inhibit the growth and spread of pathogens
What is surgical asepsis? the complete removal of all microorganisms. complete sterilization
What is disinfection? the use of a chemical that can be applied to objects to destroy microorganisms
What is an antiseptic? a substance that tends to inhibit the growth of microorganisms, used on humans
What is a spore? a specialized structure formed by the bacteria to protect itself when conditions are unfavorable. Lays dormant
What is a carrier/vector? a person or animal who does not become ill but can spread the organisms
What is the smallest known agent to cause disease? Viruses
What is contamination? a condition of being soiled
What is a fomite? a nonliving object that spreads microorganisms
What is endogenous? growing within the body
What is exogenous? growing outside of the body
What is HAI? Healthcare Associated Infection, any condition that develops after admission into the hospital
What is virulent? the strength of any given pathogen
What is a cocci? round bacteria
What is a bacilli? Rod shaped bacteria
What is a spirilla? corkscrew shaped bacteria
What is strepto? chain of bacteria
What is staphylo? cluster of bacteria
What is diplo? pair of bacteria
What is the incubation period? the period when the pathogen enters the body but no symptoms are noted
What is the prodromal stage? nonspecific set of symptoms begin to appear
What is the full state of illness stage? when the infection is at its height and the specific signs and symptoms are noted
What is the convalescence stage? the stage of recovery after the infection has run its course
What is meiosis? cell division that forms sex cells
What are the three main parts of a cell? cytoplasm, cell/plasma membrane, nucleus
What is the function of the integumentary system? protection, temperature regulation, synthesis of chemicals, sense
What is the function of the muscular system? movement, production of heat, contractions of heart, BP maintenance, intestinal movement, body posture
What is the function of the nervous system? communication, integration, control, recognition of sensory stimuli
What is the function of the endocrine system? secretions of horomones, communication, long lasting control, exp-growth, metabolism, reproduction
What is the function of the cardiovascular system? transportation, regulate body temp, immunity
What is the function of the lymphatic system? Body defense, transportation
What is the function of the skeletal system? support, movement, storage of minerals, blood cell production
What is the function of the digestive system? mechanical&chemical breakdown(digestion), absorption, elimination
What is the function of the urinary system? filtration/cleaning of the blood of waste, electrolyte balance, water balance, acid-base balance
What is the function of the reproductive system? survival of genes, production of sex cells, development and birth of offspring, nourishment of offspring, production of sex hormones
What is the function of the respiratory system? exchange of waste gas, warm&humudify incoming air, filtration of irritants, regulation of acid-base balance
Created by: mrmagoo123