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Chapter 3 APHG

Chapter 3 APHG vocab. from H.J. De Blij

QuestionAnswer
Money that migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of economy in poorer countries. Remittances
Movement that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally (for example, nomadic migration). Movements Cyclic
The space within which daily activities occur Activity Spaces
Movement among a definite set of places, often in a cyclic movement. Nomadism
Movement that involves temporary, recurrent relocation (for example military service or college attendance). Periodic Movements
A common type of periodic movement where millions of workers in the U.S. and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross international borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances. Migrant Labor
A seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures. Transhumance
Another common form of periodic movement involving as many as 10 million U.S. citizens in a given year, including military personal and their families, who are moved to new locations where they will spend tours of duty lasting up to several years. Military Service
When movement results in permanent relocation across significant locations. Migration
Human movement across international borders. International Migration
Human movement within a single nation or state. Internal Migration
Human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate. Forced Migration
Movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity, not because they are forced to move. Voluntary Migration
Developed by British demographer Ernst Ravenstein, five laws that predicts the flow or migrants. Laws of Migration
A mathematical prediction of interaction of places, the interaction being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them. Gravity Model
Negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their home and migrate to a new locale. Push Factors
Positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas. Pull Factors
The effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction. Distance Decay
Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages (for example, from farm to nearby village and later to town and city. Step Migration
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites further away. Intervening Opportunity
Types of push or pull factors that influence a migrant’s decision to go where family or friends have already found success. Kinship Links
Pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links. Chain Migration
Phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination. Immigration Wave
Physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people of the land. Colonization
Place built up by the government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentration of paying jobs and infrastructure. Islands of Development
Legal immigrant who has a work visa, usually short term. Guest Worker(s)
People who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country. Refugees
People who have been displaced within their own countries and do not cross international borders as they flee. Internal Refugees
Refugees who have crossed one or more international boundaries during their dislocation, searching for asylum in a different country. International Refugees
Shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another state. Asylum
Laws and regulation of a state designed specifically to control immigration into that state. Immigration Laws
Established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year. Quotas
Process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds (i.e. criminal records, poor health, or subversive activities) are barred from immigrating. Selective Immigration
Created by: starseer