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Mod 130 unit 2


Microbiology The study of living organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye.
Microorganism Living organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye.
Normal Flora Beneficial bacteria that help us resist pathogens.
Bacteria Microorganisms that are capable of causing disease.
Virus Smallest known infectious organism that requires a microscope to see.
Protozoa Single-celled parasites, that are larger than bacteria.
Fungus Unable to make their own food, therefore requiring other life forms for food. Not pathogenic.
Parasites Organisms that live within other organisms.
Swabs Tool used in the collection of specimens.
Culturette Disposable, clear plastic tube that contains a sterile, cotton-tipped swab and a sealed plastic vial of medium.
Viable Capable of living.
Smear A thin layer of microoorganisms spread on a glass slide.
Exudates Drainage from a wound.
Wet Mount Slide preparation in a liquid to preserve motility of a microbe.
Culture Media Media, typically broth/agar, for the propagation of microorganisms or living cells to enhance their growth.
Sensitivity Testing Determines which antibiotics will be effective in killing the bacteria found on a culture.
Sputum The mucous substance expelled by coughing or clearing the bronchi.
Serology The study of antigen, antibody reactions of the body immune system.
Hematology The study of blood, its components, and the tissues that produce it to detect pathological conditions.
Hematopoiesis The formation of blood cells. Red blood cells (erythrocytes), white (leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes).
Hemoglobin The substance in the red blood cells whose function is to carry oxygen.
Erythrocytes(RBCs) Red blood cells.
Leukocytes(WBCs) White blood cells.
Platelets The smallest cells in blood, thrombocytes.
Plasma The liquid component of blood.
Vacuum Container Method A blood drawing method use where multiple samples can be acquired at one time.
Butterfly Method Intended for small veins.
Antecubital Space Most commonly used space/site for venipuncture.
Capillaries The microscopic blood vesseld that are the bridges between terioles and venules.
Microhematocrit(Hct) Provides information about the patient's red blood cell volume.
Hemoglobin (Hgb) Provides information regarding the amount of hemoglobin present in the sample.
Hemacytometer A device originally designed for the counting of blood cells.
Differential White Blood Cell Count The differential count measures the percentages of each type of leukocyte present.
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate The rate at which red blood cells precipitate in a period of 1 hour.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) A congenital disease caused by a defect in the metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine.
Mono Testing Determines whether a patient has inefectious mononucleosis.
Created by: Bianca Jones