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Clin Lab Proced.02

Homework Packet #2

A _______________ is a special work cabinet that provides protection while working with infectious materials. Biological Safety Cabinet
A very fine mist that forms when a liquid is spilled or poured is called a(n): Aerosol
An _______________ is a chemical used on living tissue to inhibit the growth of microbes. Antiseptic
A ______________ is a risk or hazard to health or the environment from biological agents. Biohazard
A situation, such as a needle stick, in which an individual is exposed to possible infection through contact with body substances from another individual would be considered a(n) _______________ incident. Exposure
_______________ is the abbreviation used for "other potentially infections materials." OPIM
The responsibility for identifying employees at risk of exposure to blood or OPIM lies with the _______________. Employer
HCV is the virus that causes _______________. Hepatitis C Infection
Something is _______________ if it is capable of causing damage or injury to the host. Pathogenic
A hospital-acquired infection is a _______________ infection. Nosocomial
_______________ is a retrovirus that has been identified as the cause of AIDS. HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus
A method of preventing the spread of disease by separating a person with a contagious or infectious disease from the healthy population is _______________. Isolation
Standard Precautions is a set of comprehensive safety guidelines designed to protect the _______________ and the ______________. Patient/Healthcare worker
_______________ is used to kill or inactivate living organisms and viruses. Sterilization
A CDC isolation category designed to prevent transmission of diseases spread by close or direct contact is _______________ precautions. Contact
A person who harbors an organism, has no symptoms or signs of disease, but is capable of spreading the organism to others is a _______________. Carrier
_______________ are inanimate objects such as bed rails, linens, or eating utensils that can be contaminated with microorganisms. Fomites
An _______________ is a pathological condition caused by growth of microorganisms in the host. Infection
The practice of limiting the movement and social contact of a patient who is potentially infectious or who must be protected from exposure to infectious agents is called _______________. Isolation
An infection acquired in a hospital or other health care facility is called a ______________ infection. Nosocomial
Standard Precautions is a set of CDC guidelines designed to protect patients and health care workers by regarding all patients and body substances as potentially _______________. Infectious
Protective isolation is also called _______________ isolation. Reverse
A _______________ organism is one that does not normally cause disease in a healthy individual. Nonpathogenic
"Mad Cow Disease" is also known as _________________________. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)
A disease with symptoms that have an abrupt onset, multiple organ damage, and include fatigue and bleeding under the skin are _______________. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
The _______________ is a network of laboratories organized by the CDC, FBI, and the Association of Public Health Laboratories. LRN - Laboratory Response Network
Avian influenza is a problem for humans because humans have no known _______________ to it. Immunity
The _______________ family of viruses cause Ebola hemorrhagic fever and Marburg hemorrhagic fever. Filovirus
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is caused by an unconventional transmissible agent called a _______________. Prion
The development of multi-drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium has allowed the reemergence of the disease _______________. Tuberculosis
All _______________ agents have been recognized by the CDC as potential biological weapons. Class A
Acts of terrorism involving threats to agricultural products such as food, animals, and crops are known as ______________. Agroterrorism
Clostridium Botulinum produces the toxin _______________ and is the most potent _______________ known. Botulinum Toxin/Neurotoxin
A _______________ is the infectious form of a virus. Virion
_______________ is the disease caused by Bacillus Anthracis. Anthrax
Variola virus causes the disease _______________. Smallpox
The U.S. governmental agency charged with planning for natural and human-made disasters as well as preventing potential terror threats is the U.S. Department of _______________. Homeland Security
In 1972, _______________ was considered eradicated and routine vaccinations were discontinued. Smallpos
The three forms of the plague are __________, __________, and __________. Bubonic/Septicemic/Pneumonic
AVIAN INFLUENZA An infection of birds with one of the influenza A viruses.
AGROTERRORISM Acts of terrorism involving threats to agricultural products.
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus - A form of severe immunodeficiency caused by infections with HIV virus.
AEROSOL A liquid in the form of a very fine mist.
BIOHAZARD A risk of hazard to health or the environment from biological agents.
BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY (BSE)A fetal, neurological disease of cattle caused by a prion.
CARRIER A person who harbors an organism, has no symptoms, but is capable of spreading the organism to others.
PANDEMIC A widespread disease transmitted person to person and occurring over an entire country, continent, or even worldwide.
BLOOD BORNE PATHOGENS (BBP) Pathogen that can be present in human blood and other body fluids and that cause disease.
EBOLA and MARBURG Highly infectious filovirus that causes a hemorrhagic fever.
VIRION The infectious for of a virus.
FOMITES Inanimate objects that may be contaminated with and transmit infectious organisms.
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus - A retrovirus that has been identified as the cause of AIDS.
STANDARD PRECAUTIONS A set of comprehensive safety guidelines designed to protect patients and health care workers and which requires that all patients and body substances of any kind be regarded as potentially infectious.
HEPATITIS B and HEPATITIS C Two viruses that cause hepatitis infections and are transmitted by contact with infected blood or other body fluids.
EPIDEMIC Disease affecting many persons at the same time, spread from person to person, and occurring in an area where the disease is not prevalent.
PROTECTIVE ISOLATION An Isolation category designed to protect highly susceptible patients from exposure to infectious agents.
SARS The acronym for sever acute respiratory syndrome caused by a coronavirus.
NOSOCOMIAL An infection acquired as a result of being hospitalized or institutionalized.
LABORATORY RESPONSE NETWORK LRN - A national network of laboratories with the ability for rapid response to threats to public health.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) Specialized clothing or equipment used to protect workers from direct exposure to potentially infectious or hazardous materials.
MYOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS An acid-fast bacillus that causes tuberculosis.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY A federal agency whose primary mission is to prevent, protect against, and respond to acts of terrorism on U.S. soil.
Created by: luparl