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Cardio Pathology

Chapter 11

arrhythmias Abnormal heart rhythms (dysrhythmias).
Ex.of heart arrhythmias: bradycardia and heart block (atrioventricular block) Failure of proper conduction of impulses from the SA node through the AV node to the atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His).
Ex. of heart arrhythmias: flutter Rapid but regular contractions, usually of the atria.
Ex. of heart arrhythmias: fibrillation Very rapid, random, inefficient, and irregular contractions of the heart (350 beats or more per minute).
congenital heart disease Abormalities in the heart at birth.
Ex. congenital heart disease Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) Narrowing (coarctation) of the aorta.
Ex. congenital heart disease patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) Passageway (ductus arteriosus) between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remains open (patent) after birth.
Ex. congenital heart disease septal defects Small holes in the wall between the atria (atrial septal defects) or the ventricles (ventricular septal defects).
Ex. congenital heart disease tetralogy of Fallot Congenital malformation involving four (tetra-) distinct heart defects.
congestive heart failure Heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood.
coronary artery disease (CAD) Disease of the arteries surrounding the heart.
endocarditis Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.
hypertensive heart disease High blood pressure affecting the heart.
mitral valve prolapse (MVP) Improper closure of the mitral valve.
murmur Extra heart sound, heard between normal beats
pericarditis Inflammation of the membrane (pericardium) surrounding the heart.
rheumatic heart disease Heart disease caused by rheumatic fever.
aneurysm Local widening (dilation) of an arterial wall.
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) Blood clot (thrombus) forms in a large vein, usually in a lower limb.
hypertension (HTN) High blood pressure.
peripheral arterial disease (PAD) Blockage of arteries carrying blood to the legs, arms, kidneys and other organs.
Raynaud disease Recurrent episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes.
varicose veins Abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs.
Created by: S1159017